BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD

Subtitle

Guatemala 1993

                       BIRDING IN GUATEMALA: APRIL 1993  Jon Hornbuckle

I spent 10 days in Guatemala, the first half with a hire-car, predominantly in the highlands, and the latter half on foot at Tikal. Despite being one of the 5 most dangerous countries in the world, according to the British Foreign Office, I experienced no problems and have no hesitation in recommending Guatemala: great birds, scenery, ruins, local culture and weather (in April), and relatively cheap and friendly.

It is not as species-rich as countries further south such as Costa Rica and has no endemics, but the avifauna is largely a mixture of Mexican and Costa Rican birds. I saw 50 “lifers”, out of a total of 299, even after birding in Costa Rica and parts of Mexico, and missed others such as Great Curassow, Horned Guan, Azure- rumped  Tanager and several owls. Guatemala also has the major attractions of the Tikal ruins, colonial Antigua and the highland markets, and can be done very cheaply by public transport if time is not a premium.

The only potential problem is robbery, said to be not uncommon, but except in Guatemala city (in which I did not stop), I doubt that the risk is higher than almost anywhere else in Latin America.

LOGISTICS

I flew in from Miami and collected a car from Budget, cheapest available prepaid – £33 per day with CDW and unlimited mileage. The snag, common to all hire-companies I believe, is that you have to pay the first $1200 if the car is damaged; this can be reduced to $600 by paying an extra $5 or so a day. The car, a Suzuki Swift GT, was trouble-free throughout the 1138 km I drove and cost approx $32 in petrol. Traffic was light except in Guatemala city and on the southern highway, which is best avoided.

Flights to Flores, for Tikal, left at 07.00 or 16.00 and cost from $100 return ( cf  almost nothing on the bus but takes 11-20 hours ).  Biotopo Quetzal is part-way to Flores and from there buses go to Coban and on to Flores.  From Flores there are plenty of minibuses to Tikal, costing 20 Quetzal (= $4). US dollars are widely accepted.

 I used Antigua, the old capital, as a “base” rather than Guatemala City. It is a wonderfully relaxed, colonial town of cobbled streets and crumbling edifices, with good hotels and restaurants, and very popular with folk wanting to learn Spanish (from $80 a week for accommodation, meals and classes!). The one real mistake I made was to fly to Tikal early on Thursday, because on that day and the next day, Good Friday, the country’s most spectacular processions are held in Antigua. Accommodation can be hard to find then and most public services such as banks are closed from Wednesday - Easter Sunday.

Food, and bottled water, is readily available, and varies from basic to excellent. Liquados, whisked juices of fruits such as pineapple or papaya, are delicious. I had almost no health problems but was bitten by various insects, even though they did not appear to be numerous.

It was hot and sunny throughout, cooler in the highlands, with only two short heavy showers. The only drawback to this was that visibility was often very hazy so that scenic views were disappointing. The rainy season at Tikal at least is June - October but apparently it usually only rains for an hour or so a day. Insects are worse then. Hours of daylight were approx 05.30 – 18.30; they vary by up to an hour during the year.

I visited, albeit briefly, all the major birding sites documented in reports by Barger & Gochfeld  (1982), Hendriks  & Maatman (1990) and Speight (1990). What is not described is the Maya Project, which started at Tikal in 1988: a small, dedicated team of Americans researching the breeding ecology of raptors, aided by Guatemalans and financed by the charity Peregrine Fund Inc. I made a modest contribution to their funds, and Russell Thorstrom, one of their top men, agreed to show me 3 raptor species at the nest. I saw Collared Forest-Falcon,  Bicoloured Hawk and ornate Hawk- Eagle during one morning with him. Their base was to the east of the Uaxactun road c.200 m from the entrance gates to the ruins (ask for “el Fundo Peregrino“).

ITINERARY

APRIL   3      Antigua  * Chimaltenango mts  *  Panajachel, Lake Atitlan (1600m asl)

             4     Panajachel   *  Chichi  *  Nahuala  * Km 172 (300m) * Fuentes Georginas (2500m)

             5     Fuentes  Georginas   *  Km 197 (1400 m) * Monterrico

             6     Monterrico  *  Taxisco  * Royal Palm Drive, Escuintla * El Rancho * Biotopo Quetzal  (1800 m)

             7      Biotopo Quetzal * El Rancho * Antigua

             8      Antigua * Flores * Tikal: Caboa trail, aguada, Uaxactun road - Temple IV

             9     Tikal: aguada, Uax-Temple IV, Airstrip East trail, ruins

             10    Tikal: ruins, Temple IV- Uax, Caboa trail, aguada

             11    Tikal: Maya Project, Airstrip trail, ruins

             12     Tikal: Airstrip trail & E, aguada, Uax-Temple IV, ruins * Flores * Antigua.

 

DAILY LOG

Saturday 3rd   Left the pleasant Hotel Santa Clara (45 Quetzal a single) at 05.00, witnessing a silent Catholic procession of 150 people, to the Pan American Highway, west. Made 2 birding stops, the second along jeep tracks in a fine area of pine/oak forest 30 mins before the Chichi turn–off: first White-eared Hummer, Mountain Trogon, Black–capped  Swallow, Rufous-collared Thrush, Grey Silky-Flycatcher, Pink–headed and Crescent-chested  Warblers. Turned down the road to Solola and stopped at the second view-point overlooking Lake Atitlan, approaching Panajachel: Buff –breasted Flycatcher, Bushy-crested Jay and Rufous-capped Warbler.

Found cheap room (Q15 ); birded road and orchards alongside river, then the excellent Hotel Atitlan garden and adjacent woodland: Rufous  Sabrewing, Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush, Blue-and – White Mockingbird, MacGillivray’s  Warbler, Bar –winged Oriole and Prevost’s Ground –Sparrow, but no small hummers. Drove south up the hillside for 15+ km, seeing White-breasted Hawk and Brown-backed Solitaire but no good views of the lake. Finally, returned to hotel garden area but nothing new, so treated myself to a large pizza and 3 fresh orange Juices ( Q34 ).

Sunday 4th  Noisy night; brief look at hotel garden then up the hill to the overlook again where walked along headland: Azure-crowned Hummer at last, Yellow-winged Tanager and Rusty Sparrow. Drove on towards Chichi, stopping at good pine forest above the only river - Green Violetear - but retreated on finding a posse of soldiers. Spent fascinating 2 hours or so at Chichi market, then tried B & G’s site 5km E of Nahuala but badly deforested. Brief visit to untouristy  Nahuala  market, then Km 172 where the remnant forest was unusually mature: Violet Sabrewing, Amethyst-throated Hummer, Cinnamon-bellied Flower–piercer, and a stunning Pink-headed Warbler at 2 metres.

Ate chicken, egg, rice, tortilla and bean-curd for Q8.75 at crossroads above Quezaltenango, then proceeded to Fuentes Georginas, arriving at 17.30. Last 8 km was very sandy but not steep. Rented bungalow for Q38.75 and swam in “hot” spring  (only luke-warm). Birded at dusk: Garnet-throated Hummer, Blue –throated Motmot, Black Robin. A Fulvous Owl called briefly, while I had soup and beer, and longer in the middle of the cold night - had to get out my warm sleeping bag several times with the runs - maybe I should have bought a more expensive meal!

Monday  5th  Up at 5.00: 3 Fulvous Owls calling and Highland Guans active at first light, but no Horned Guan. Good view of Ruddy-crowned Nightingale-Thrush and Green-throated Mountain-Gem. Took steep trail up to ridge -  birdless until on the ridge where only new sp. was Cedar Waxwing. After checking out, drove straight down to Km 197 but rather hot at 10.15. Walked trails till 13.30, seeing little of note until reaching partly logged area where had Tawny-throated Leaftosser and Emerald Toucanet, then Spotted Nightingale-Thrush high in tree on way back.

Continued south to the Pacific highway, hoping to bird in lower Pacific slope habitat but failed to find any worthwhile. Road very busy, would have been better to have returned from Km 197 to the Panam highway. Had dust-covered car washed at garage while refueling and soon experienced only the day-time rain of whole trip! Long drive to the coast, arriving at 17.15, parked and took ferry at 17.30 to Monterrico - lots of bird-activity en route. “ Darlin Rooms“ for Q20, then walked Mangrove trail till dark, seeing single White-bellied Chachalaca, Paraque and many Common Nighthawk. This resort is a bit of dump and hot, but I slept well.

Tuesday 6th  Up at 5.00 to track down a Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl in a garden tree. Birded Mangrove trail and beyond, but disappointing - might have been better to take road along mangroves, from boat-dock at dawn, or boat/early ferry, to see post-roost activity: Banded & Rufous-naped Wrens, Mangrove Vireo, Black-vented Oriole and N American flycatchers and warblers.

Had 30 min wait for ferry; good view of Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture at other end. Stopped at small wetland near Safari Park and found 3 pairs of Rose-throated Becards but no waterbirds. Had difficulty in finding Royal Palm drive as it was 8km N of Escuintla, not 5 as B & G state: excellent  foothill forest but midday, not much activity – Grey Hawk, Starthroat and Tityra.  Drove straight through Guatemala city, which took some time, and east to  the Motagua valley.

A few km before El Rancho, bore right on a track posted  “El Jicaro 14 km“ and turned right again after c.200m. Parked and explored the desert for some time: Blue-tailed and Cinnamon Hummers, White-lored Gnatcher, Altamira and Streak-backed Orioles, but no Lesser Roadrunner. Turning NW up to Motagua valley, proceeded to Hendriks’ site down a dusty sideroad: good area of hillside scrub but little birdlife except Russet-crowned Motmot and Willow Flycatcher. Drove on up good main road into pine forest, finally reaching Biotopo del Quetzal at 17.45. Relieved by the coolness; Q28 for a “ collective “ (hostel bed) at the hospedaje - no-one else in my chalet. Dinner of steak, cottage cheese, beans, rice, tortillas, papas fritas, coffee and coke, for Q17. No nocturnal birds heard on walk along the road.

Wednesday 7th     Woken by a noisy cockerel from 04.00 onwards, but still no owls. At first light a Highland Guan and Unicoloured Jays were in roadside trees. Stayed around the hospedaje from 06.00 - 06.45 as Quetzals were said to be seen daily, but not today - just as well I had them in Costa Rica; Blue-crowned Chlorophonia was a consolation. Took shorter trail on the reserve and had 2 Slate-coloured Solitaire showing well, duetting beautifully.

At  08.30 drove 4-5 km to the hotel: White-eared and Broad-tailed Hummers, Blue-crowned Motmot and Grace’s Warbler in gardens. The track opposite was birdless. Returned to reserve and took longer Moss Trail but too many tourists: Garnet-throated Hummer and Black-throated Jay (in small party of Unicoloureds) on upper reaches of trail.

Left hospedaje at 12.30, stopping again at hotel – Fork–tailed Emerald, Mountain Robin, Solitary Vireo and Black-headed Siskin - and then stopped after a further 10 km. Track into pine/oak forest gave a pair of Hepatic Tanager and more siskin, in a variety of plumages – Black –capped as well as Black-headed? Another track along river was unfruitful - habitat more varied but pines younger. Checked Hendriks’ desert  stop at 15.00 -15.30 but no Lesser Roadrunner, so El Rancho track again: Brown-hooded Parrot and Varied Bunting. Drove non-stop to Antigua, through Guatemala city on faster northern route, arriving at 18.45. Far more people this time but one room available at Santa Clara. Ate at excellent Dona Luisa’s.

Thursday 8th     Up at 04.15 for easy drive to Guatemala, but Aeropuerto road unfinished and no alternative signposted, so took some time to find the airport. Arrived at 05.30, easy check-in but bank shut till 08.00 . First cloudy day!

Boarded  Aviateca  flight ( full ) at 06.30; arrived at Flores 07.30. Minibus to Tikal ( Q20 ) delayed by a puncture so did not arrive till 09.30 - park entrance fee Q28. Tents at Jaguar Inn were the only accommodation available – Q50 including bedding – arranged to share with Canadian, Paul Matthews. We took the Caboa trail, which starts behind the Jaguar Inn and was surprisingly good considering the lateness of the morning: White–fronted Parrot, White-bellied Emerald, Chestnut-coloured  Woodpecker, Barred  Woodcreeper,  Thrushlike  Manakin, Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher, Rufous Mourner, Attila, Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet and Stub-tailed Spadebill, in addition to the common forest species.

A tour round the aguada  ( ponds ) and hotel grounds gave a surprisingly good view of Ruddy Quail-Dove. Afternoon walk to Temple IV: Green-backed Sparrow, Painted and Indigo Buntings in scrub, then Pale-billed Woodpecker, Dot-winged Antwren, Dusky Antbird and White-tipped Dove along Uaxactun road. No Raptors at Temple IV but Crested Guan in Main Plaza. Discovered we had the only poor quality tent – much smaller than others, torn and zip broken. Distant thunder and lightening all evening. Ate at furthest comedore: generous portions, nice liquados, but little choice.

Friday 9th      Heavy shower in the night but no mosquitoes, thankfully; cooler and cloudy in morning. Nighthawks on airstrip at dawn and Mottled Owl calling; Ruddy Crake at aguada and large flowering tree full of orioles and hummers - mainly Rufous-tailed but one Mango. Royal Flycatcher and Violaceous Trogon in scrub en route to Uaxactun road; Sepia-capped Flycatcher only new sp. along road but Tawny-winged Woodcreeper, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Worm-eating Warbler and female Black-throated Shrike-Tanager were seen on Temple IV trail.

At 11.30 walked length of airstrip, checking both ponds: American Pygmy Kingfisher, Grey-headed Tanager, Olive-backed and Yellow-throated Euphonias. Then took trail eastwards, initially through tintal forest: Jacamar, Antvireo and Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher, with Brown-headed and White-crowned Parrots and Grey Fox on way back. Changed tents and took short siesta.

Late afternoon in ruins - birding poor but another Grey Fox and tracked down 2 rival groups of howlers which produced 30 mins of incredible noise directly overhead.  Ate at Comedore Tikal: better selection of food, fresh orange-juice ( Q5 ) but no liquados.

Saturday 10th      Early to ruins to look for Great Curassow - had to pay Q28 again  (avoided yesterday by going later via Uaxactun rd). Trail to Complex Q gave good but brief view of Slaty-breasted Tinamou, plus Wedge-tailed Sabrewing and Spadebill, then up Temple V where Bat Falcon and Collared Aracari were prominent. At 09.45, raptor-watched for an hour from the dizzy heights of Temple IV: 2 pairs of White Hawk, pair of Bat Falcon and a single Black Hawk-Eagle. Two more Royal Flycatchers on trail to Uaxactun road, with familiar feeding flocks, then met Russel Thorstrum at Maya Project base. Farewell to Paul, at Jaguar Inn.

Afternoon on Caboa trail again: Thicket Tinamou, Toucanet at nest hole, Red-capped Manakin lek and male Black-throated Shrike-Tanager. Missed turn, too far on minor trails, so decided to head SW; immediately rewarded with Tody Motmot - most-wanted bird here - followed by nasty 30 mins hacking through tintal forest before hitting the trail, which proceeded W to the NE end of airstrip: Hooded Warbler and Black-faced Grosbeak. Six Plumbeous Kites hawked for insects, like Hobbies, over the aguada at dusk. Dined at Comedore Tikal with Russell who warned that the deadly Fer-de-Lance was common at night; pity my torch was dead.

Sunday 11th     Up at 04.15 to find Russell in the dark at base-camp. Short journey along Uaxactun road on a Yamaha - struck by Yucatan Poorwill, presumably flushed from road! Forest walk for 30 mins to Collared Forest-Falcon site - bird calling as we arrived and female eventually gave good view before disappearing into nest-hole; also heard Barred Forest- Falcon and Vermiculated Screech – Owl. Next stop Bicoloured Hawk nest where female was sitting. She stood up and peered down but neither of the 2 males Russell had previously observed feeding her came. Back at base met Dave Whittaker, Maya Project leader, before taking another ride on the back of Russell’s motorbike. The target this time was Ornate Hawk-Eagle and fortunately both birds were visible near the nest, which saved having to climb 80 ft up a rope to the viewing platform, thank goodness.

After returning to base, looked nearby for White-collared Manakin lek - unsuccessful but did find Scaly-breasted Hummer lek (thanks to Ron & Marcia Braun’s report of it calling loudly from high trees). At 10.30 walked along airstrip to ponds - Blue Ground-Dove - and then back through forest on Airstrip trail: White-whiskered Puffbird and Long-billed Gnatwren. After murdering a 7-Up, took short siesta then tried scrub again for Manakin lek but only saw Jacamar. Walked along dry concrete ditch to Temple V and quiet trails to back to Temple IV: another Puffbird, Scaly- throated Leaftosser, 4 or 5 Ruddy Woodcreeper feeding excitedly with army ants, and pair of Blue Bunting. Sunset at El Mundo Perdido was a fitting close to last full day at Tikal. Shared tent with young Canadian doctor (who had most of her belongings stolen from a hire-car in San Jose, Costa Rica).

Monday 12th   Airstrip trail at dawn: another Thicket Tinamou was a surprise but no Curassow. Nothing new at aguada but Uaxactun road to Temple IV trail gave Great Tinamou and Streak-headed Woodcreeper. Raptor-watching at Temple IV from 09.00-09.30 was very rewarding, with King Vulture, 2 Grey-headed Kite, Swallow-tailed Kite, Ornate Hawk- Eagle, and Bat Falcon harassing a Black Hawk-Eagle. Quiet after this excitement , with only a small “ buzzard “ to stimulate the adrenalin - too distant to identify. Further watch from EL Mundo Perdido gave nothing new, so returned to base via yesterday’s trail: stunning view of Spotted Wood-Quail, Leaftosser, and Yellow-throated Euphonia in song. Last attempt at White-collared Manakin was successful!

After fruit salad at Comedore Tikal, took 14.00 minibus to Flores. 16.00 flight was full but extra plane drafted in, so only 40 mins late. Decided to stay at Guatemala airport on hearing about Aeropuerto Guesthouse ( Q100 ) but short walk proved fruitless as it was full. Caught 18.15 minibus to Antigua ( Q40 ), which gave opportunity to eat at Dona Luisa’s again.

Tuesday 13th     Minibus at 05.00 to airport for 07.15 flight to Miami and home. Great Trip!

 

SPECIES LIST

 

Monterrico

Atitlan

FG

BQ

Monterrico

RP

Tikal

Great Tinamou  Tinamus major 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Slaty-breasted Tinamou  Crypturellus boucardi 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Thicket Tinamou  Crypturellus cinnamomeus 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Plain Chachalaca  Ortalis vetula 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-bellied Chachalaca  Ortalis leucogastra

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Crested Guan  Penelope purpurascens

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Highland Guan  Penelopina nigra

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

Spotted Wood-Quail  Odontophorus guttatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ocellated Turkey  Meleagris ocellata

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Neotropic Cormorant  Phalacrocorax brasilianus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Anhinga  Anhinga anhinga

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Great Egret  Ardea alba

X

X

 

 

X

 

X

Snowy Egret  Egretta thula

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Little Blue Heron  Egretta caerulea

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Green Heron  Butorides virescens

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Black-crowned Night-Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

White Ibis  Eudocimus albus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Roseate Spoonbill  Platalea ajaja

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Wood Stork  Mycteria americana

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Black Vulture  Coragyps atratus

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

Turkey Vulture  Cathartes aura

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture  Cathartes burrovianus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

King Vulture  Sarcoramphus papa

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Osprey  Pandion haliaetus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Grey-headed Kite  Leptodon cayanensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Swallow-tailed Kite  Elanoides forficatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-tailed Kite  Elanus leucurus

X

 

 

 

X

X

 

Plumbeous Kite  Ictinia plumbea

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Sharp-shinned Hawk  Accipiter striatus

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Bicoloured Hawk  Accipiter bicolor

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White Hawk  Leucopternis albicollis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Common Black-Hawk  Buteogallus anthracinus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Roadside Hawk  Buteo magnirostris

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Broad-winged Hawk  Buteo platypterus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Grey Hawk  Buteo nitidus

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Red-tailed Hawk  Buteo jamaicensis

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Black Hawk-Eagle  Spizaetus tyrannus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ornate Hawk-Eagle  Spizaetus ornatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Barred Forest-Falcon  Micrastur ruficollis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collared Forest-Falcon  Micrastur semitorquatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Crested Caracara  Caracara cheriway

     

 

X

 

     

 

 

American Kestrel  Falco sparverius

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

Bat Falcon  Falco rufigularis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ruddy Crake  Laterallus ruber

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Northern Jacana  Jacana spinosa 

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Spotted Sandpiper  Actitis macularius

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Solitary Sandpiper  Tringa solitaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Willet  Tringa semipalmata

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Laughing Gull  Leucophaeus atricilla

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Royal Tern  Thalasseus maximus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Red-billed Pigeon  Patagioenas flavirostris

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Band-tailed Pigeon  Patagioenas fasciata

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

Short-billed Pigeon  Patagioenas nigrirostris

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-winged Dove  Zenaida asiatica

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

Inca Dove  Columbina inca

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Common Ground-Dove  Columbina passerina

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Ruddy Ground-Dove  Columbina talpacoti

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Blue Ground-Dove  Claravis pretiosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-tipped Dove  Leptotila verreauxi

 

 

X

 

 

 

X

Grey-headed Dove  Leptotila plumbeiceps

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ruddy Quail-Dove  Geotrygon montana

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Green Parakeet  Aratinga holochlora

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Pacific Parakeet  Aratinga strenua

X

 

X

 

X

 

 

Olive-throated Parakeet  Aratinga nana

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Orange-fronted Parakeet  Aratinga canicularis

 

X

 

X

 

X

 

Scarlet Macaw  Ara macao 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[X]

Orange-chinned Parakeet  Brotogeris jugularis

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Brown-hooded Parrot  Pyrilia haematotis

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

White-crowned Parrot  Pionus senilis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-fronted Parrot  Amazona albifrons

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Red-lored Parrot  Amazona autumnalis 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Mealy Parrot  Amazona farinosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Squirrel Cuckoo  Piaya cayana

X

 

 

 

X

X

 

Groove-billed Ani  Crotophaga sulcirostris

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

Vermiculated Screech-Owl  Megascops guatemalae

 

 

 

 

 

 

H

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl  Glaucidium brasilianum

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Mottled Owl  Ciccaba virgata

 

 

H

 

 

 

H

Fulvous Owl  Strix fulvescens

 

 

H

 

 

 

 

Lesser Nighthawk  Chordeiles acutipennis

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Common Nighthawk  Chordeiles minor

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Common Pauraque  Nyctidromus albicollis

X

 

 

 

X

 

H

Yucatan Poorwill  Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black Swift  Cypseloides niger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chestnut-collared Swift  Streptoprocne rutila

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

White-collared Swift  Streptoprocne zonaris

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

Vaux's Swift  Chaetura vauxi

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

White-throated Swift  Aeronautes saxatalis

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift  Panyptila cayennensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Little Hermit  Phaethornis longuemareus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Scaly-breasted Hummingbird  Phaeochroa cuvierii

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Wedge-tailed Sabrewing  Campylopterus curvipennis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Rufous Sabrewing  Campylopterus rufus

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

Violet Sabrewing  Campylopterus hemileucurus

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

Green Violetear  Colibri thalassinus

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

Green-breasted Mango  Anthracothorax prevostii

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Canivet's Emerald  Chlorostilbon canivetii

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

White-bellied Emerald  Amazilia candida

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-eared Hummingbird  Basilinna leucotis

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Azure-crowned Hummingbird  Amazilia cyanocephala

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Blue-tailed Hummingbird  Amazilia cyanura

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird  Amazilia tzacatl

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Cinnamon Hummingbird  Amazilia rutila

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Green-throated Mountain-gem  Lampornis viridipallens

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

Amethyst-throated Hummingbird  Lampornis amethystinus

 

X

 

 

 

 

Garnet-throated Hummingbird  Lamprolaima rhami

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

Long-billed Starthroat  Heliomaster longirostris

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Broad-tailed Hummingbird  Selasphorus platycercus

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Slaty-tailed Trogon  Trogon massena

 

 

 

 

 

 

H

Black-headed Trogon  Trogon melanocephalus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Violaceous Trogon  Trogon violaceus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Mountain Trogon  Trogon mexicanus

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Tody Motmot  Hylomanes momotula

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Blue-throated Motmot  Aspatha gularis

 

 

X

H

 

 

 

Russet-crowned Motmot  Momotus mexicanus

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Blue-crowned Motmot  Momotus momota

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

Ringed Kingfisher  Megaceryle torquata

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Belted Kingfisher  Megaceryle alcyon

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

American Pygmy-Kingfisher  Chloroceryle aenea

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-whiskered Puffbird  Malacoptila panamensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Rufous-tailed Jacamar  Galbula ruficauda

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Emerald Toucanet  Aulacorhynchus prasinus

 

 

X

 

 

 

X

Collared Aracari  Pteroglossus torquatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Keel-billed Toucan  Ramphastos sulfuratus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Acorn Woodpecker  Melanerpes formicivorus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Golden-fronted Woodpecker  Melanerpes aurifrons

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Hairy Woodpecker  Picoides villosus

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Northern Flicker  Colaptes auratus

X

X

 

 

X

 

 

Chestnut-coloured Woodpecker  Celeus castaneus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Lineated Woodpecker  Dryocopus lineatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Pale-billed Woodpecker  Campephilus guatemalensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Tawny-throated Leaftosser  Sclerurus mexicanus

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Scaly-throated Leaftosser  Sclerurus guatemalensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Plain Xenops  Xenops minutus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Tawny-winged Woodcreeper  Dendrocincla anabatina

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ruddy Woodcreeper  Dendrocincla homochroa

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Olivaceous Woodcreeper  Sittasomus griseicapillus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Northern Barred-Woodcreeper  Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ivory-billed Woodcreeper  Xiphorhynchus flavigaster

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Streak-headed Woodcreeper  Lepidocolaptes souleyetii

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Barred Antshrike  Thamnophilus doliatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Plain Antvireo  Dysithamnus mentalis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Dot-winged Antwren  Microrhopias quixensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Dusky Antbird  Cercomacra tyrannina

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Mexican Antthrush  Formicarius moniliger

 

 

 

 

 

 

H

Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet  Ornithion semiflavum

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Sepia-capped Flycatcher  Leptopogon amaurocephalus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Slaty-headed Tody-Flycatcher  Poecilotriccus sylvia

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Common Tody-Flycatcher  Todirostrum cinereum

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Eye-ringed Flatbill  Rhynchocyclus brevirostris

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Yellow-olive Flycatcher  Tolmomyias sulphurescens

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Stub-tailed Spadebill  Platyrinchus cancrominus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Royal Flycatcher  Onychorhynchus coronatus 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher  Terenotriccus erythrurus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher  Myiobius sulphureipygius

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Belted Flycatcher  Xenotriccus callizonus

 

?

 

 

 

 

 

Tufted Flycatcher  Mitrephanes phaeocercus

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

Greater Pewee  Contopus pertinax

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Eastern Wood-Pewee  Contopus virens

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Tropical Pewee  Contopus cinereus

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher  Empidonax flaviventris

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Willow Flycatcher  Empidonax traillii

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Least Flycatcher  Empidonax minimus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Hammond's Flycatcher  Empidonax hammondii

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Pine Flycatcher  Empidonax affinis

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Buff-breasted Flycatcher  Empidonax fulvifrons

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Bright-rumped Attila  Attila spadiceus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Rufous Mourner  Rhytipterna holerythra

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Dusky-capped Flycatcher  Myiarchus tuberculifer

 

X

 

X

 

 

X

Brown-crested Flycatcher  Myiarchus tyrannulus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Great Kiskadee  Pitangus sulphuratus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Boat-billed Flycatcher  Megarynchus pitangua

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Social Flycatcher  Myiozetetes similis

X

 

 

 

X

X

X

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher  Myiodynastes luteiventris

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

Tropical Kingbird  Tyrannus melancholicus

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

Western Kingbird  Tyrannus verticalis

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher  Tyrannus forficatus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

White-collared Manakin  Manacus candei

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Red-capped Manakin  Pipra mentalis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Masked Tityra  Tityra semifasciata

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

Thrush-like Schiffornis  Schiffornis turdina

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Rose-throated Becard  Pachyramphus aglaiae

X

 

 

 

X

X

 

Mangrove Vireo  Vireo pallens

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Plumbeous Vireo  Vireo plumbeus

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

Hutton's Vireo  Vireo huttoni

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Red-eyed Vireo  Vireo olivaceus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Yellow-green Vireo  Vireo flavoviridis

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

Tawny-crowned Greenlet  Hylophilus ochraceiceps

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Lesser Greenlet  Hylophilus decurtatus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Green Shrike-Vireo  Vireolanius pulchellus

 

 

 

 

 

 

H

Rufous-browed Peppershrike  Cyclarhis gujanensis

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Steller's Jay  Cyanocitta stelleri

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

White-throated Magpie-Jay  Calocitta formosa

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Green Jay  Cyanocorax yncas

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Brown Jay  Cyanocorax morio

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Bushy-crested Jay  Cyanocorax melanocyaneus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Black-throated Jay  Cyanolyca pumilo

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Unicoloured Jay  Aphelocoma unicolor

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Common Raven  Corvus corax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black-capped Swallow  Atticora pileata

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Northern Rough-winged Swallow  Stelgidopteryx serripennis

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Caribbean Martin  Progne dominicensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grey-breasted Martin  Progne chalybea

X

 

 

 

X

X

X

Mangrove Swallow  Tachycineta albilinea

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

X

 

 

 

X

X

X

Bushtit  Psaltriparus minimus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Brown Creeper  Certhia americana

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Band-backed Wren  Campylorhynchus zonatus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Rufous-naped Wren  Campylorhynchus rufinucha

X

 

 

 

X

X

 

Spot-breasted Wren  Thryothorus maculipectus

 

X

X

 

 

 

X

Rufous-and-white Wren  Thryothorus rufalbus

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Banded Wren  Thryothorus pleurostictus

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

House Wren  Troglodytes aedon

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Rufous-browed Wren  Troglodytes rufociliatus

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

White-bellied Wren  Uropsila leucogastra

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-breasted Wood-Wren  Henicorhina leucosticta

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Grey-breasted Wood-Wren  Henicorhina leucophrys

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Long-billed Gnatwren  Ramphocaenus melanurus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Blue-grey/Tropical Gnatcatcher  Polioptila caerulea/plumbea

 

 

 

 

 

X

White-lored Gnatcatcher  Polioptila albiloris

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Eastern Bluebird  Sialia sialis

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Brown-backed Solitaire  Myadestes occidentalis

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Slate-coloured Solitaire  Myadestes unicolor

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush  Catharus aurantiirostris

X

 

 

 

 

 

Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush  Catharus frantzii

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Spotted Nightingale-Thrush  Catharus dryas

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Swainson's Thrush  Catharus ustulatus

X

X

 

X

X

 

X

Wood Thrush  Hylocichla mustelina

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black Thrush  Turdus infuscatus

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Mountain Thrush  Turdus plebejus

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Clay-coloured Thrush  Turdus grayi

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Rufous-collared Robin  Turdus rufitorques

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Grey Catbird  Dumetella carolinensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Blue-and-white Mockingbird  Melanotis hypoleucus

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Cedar Waxwing  Bombycilla cedrorum

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher  Ptilogonys caudatus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Blue-winged Warbler  Vermivora pinus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Tennessee Warbler  Vermivora peregrina

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Crescent-chested Warbler  Parula superciliosa

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Yellow Warbler  Dendroica petechia

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Chestnut-sided Warbler  Dendroica pensylvanica

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Magnolia Warbler  Dendroica magnolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Yellow-rumped Warbler  Dendroica coronata

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black-throated Green Warbler  Dendroica virens

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Townsend's Warbler  Dendroica townsendi

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Hermit Warbler  Dendroica occidentalis

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Yellow-throated Warbler  Dendroica dominica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grace's Warbler  Dendroica graciae

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Black-and-white Warbler  Mniotilta varia

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

American Redstart  Setophaga ruticilla

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Prothonotary Warbler  Protonotaria citrea

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Worm-eating Warbler  Helmitheros vermivorum

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Ovenbird  Seiurus aurocapilla

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Northern Waterthrush  Seiurus noveboracensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

MacGillivray's Warbler  Oporornis tolmiei

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Common Yellowthroat  Geothlypis trichas

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Hooded Warbler  Wilsonia citrina

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Wilson's Warbler  Wilsonia pusilla

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Pink-headed Warbler  Ergaticus versicolor

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Slate-throated Redstart  Myioborus miniatus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Golden-crowned Warbler  Basileuterus culicivorus

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Rufous-capped Warbler  Basileuterus rufifrons

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Yellow-breasted Chat  Icteria virens

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Bananaquit  Coereba flaveola

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Bush-Tanager  Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Grey-headed Tanager  Eucometis penicillata

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black-throated Shrike-Tanager  Lanio aurantius

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Blue-grey Tanager  Thraupis episcopus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Yellow-winged Tanager  Thraupis abbas

 

X

 

 

 

 

X

Golden-hooded Tanager  Tangara larvata

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Green Honeycreeper  Chlorophanes spiza

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black-headed Saltator  Saltator atriceps

 

X

X

 

 

 

X

White-collared Seedeater  Sporophila torqueola

X

X

 

 

X

 

X

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater  Sporophila minuta

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Cinnamon-bellied Flowerpiercer  Diglossa baritula

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

White-naped(Yellow-throated) Brush-Finch  Atlapetes albinucha

X

 

X

 

 

 

Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch  Arremon brunneinucha

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

Green-backed Sparrow  Arremonops chloronotus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Prevost's Ground-Sparrow  Melozone biarcuata

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Stripe-headed Sparrow  Aimophila ruficauda

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

Rusty Sparrow  Aimophila rufescens

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Rufous-collared Sparrow  Zonotrichia capensis

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Yellow-eyed Junco  Junco phaeonotus

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Hepatic Tanager  Piranga flava

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Western Tanager  Piranga ludoviciana

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager  Habia rubica

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Red-throated Ant-Tanager  Habia fuscicauda

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black-faced Grosbeak  Caryothraustes poliogaster

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Grey-throated Chat  Granatellus sallaei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Bunting  Cyanocompsa parellina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Grosbeak  Passerina caerulea

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Indigo Bunting  Passerina cyanea

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Varied Bunting  Passerina versicolor

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Painted Bunting  Passerina ciris

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

Eastern Meadowlark  Sturnella magna

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

Melodious Blackbird  Dives dives

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

Great-tailed Grackle  Quiscalus mexicanus

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

Bronzed Cowbird  Molothrus aeneus

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

Giant Cowbird  Molothrus oryzivorus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Black-vented Oriole  Icterus wagleri

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

Bar-winged Oriole  Icterus maculialatus

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Black-cowled Oriole  Icterus prosthemelas

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Orchard Oriole  Icterus spurius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow-tailed Oriole  Icterus mesomelas

X

 

X

 

X

 

 

Streak-backed Oriole  Icterus pustulatus

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Altamira Oriole  Icterus gularis

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

Audubon's Oriole  Icterus graduacauda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baltimore Oriole  Icterus galbula

 

X

X

 

 

 

X

Yellow-billed Cacique  Amblycercus holosericeus

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Montezuma Oropendola  Psarocolius montezuma

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Yellow-throated Euphonia  Euphonia hirundinacea

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Olive-backed Euphonia  Euphonia gouldi

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

Blue-crowned Chlorophonia  Chlorophonia occipitalis

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Black-capped Siskin  Spinus atriceps

 

 

 

?

 

 

 

Black-headed Siskin  Spinus notatus

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

Lesser Goldfinch  Spinus psaltria

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FQ = Fuentes Georginas, Km197 and 172

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BQ = Biotopo del Quetzal, El Rancho, Motagua Valley

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atitlan = Lake Atitlan, Chichi, Chimaltenango mts, Panajachel

 

 

 

 

 

 

RP = Royal Palm Drive, Taxusco, Escuintla

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAMMALS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guatemalan Howler Monkey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black-handed Spider Monkey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coati

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grey Fox

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yucatan Squirrel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deppe's Squirrel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexican Agouti

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White-tailed Deer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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