As I was going to the Philippines in late Feb, I decided to accept Des Allen’s kind invitation to join his trip to Hokkaido, the extra cost from Manila to Tokyo (with Philippine Airlines) being only £150 return. Although few new birds came from this winter trip, it was most enjoyable with some unforgetable sights such as large numbers of Steller’s Sea-Eagles, murrelets and cranes, and the rare Scaly-sided Merganser and Grey Bunting.


The brief extension to South Korea was to look for three species not regularly found in Japan - Relict Gull, Siberian Accentor and Pallas’s Reed Bunting - plus the large wintering flock of Baikal Teal. I succeeded in achieving the first aim but missed the reported 50,000 Baikal Teal by a week - they had just left for Sosan in the northwest! This was a much cheaper alternative to my original choice of visiting Amami-Oshima, where Lidth’s Jay and Ryukyu Scops-Owl should have been seen OK but Amami Woodcock and Thrush would be difficult in winter. 


A few changes were apparent since my previous visits to Japan 10 years and more ago, eg young people appear taller, girls prettier and there are now two excellent British birders resident. The Tokyo - Kushiro ferry is now faster, bad for birding, but traveling, other than by express train, still takes a long time and costs remain high; members of the Wild Bird Soc of Japan (WBSJ) get a 30% discount on the ferry and the Japan Rail Pass is still a good deal. Lenses for scopes and secondhand photographic equipment (if you can find it) can also be good buys. Hundreds of eagles no longer frequent the Shiretoko peninsula, apparently because the salmon stocks are greatly reduced due to over-fishing (they’ve even queered their own pitch!). Eagles are still present in eastern Hokkaido - 1448 were counted in 1995 - but more dispersed, with the main concentration at Furen-ko (Lake Furen).


This winter, a relatively cold one, was exceptionally poor for many winter visitors, eg Bluetails, Daurian Redstarts, waxwings and buntings. However, a very few Scaly-sided Merganser were wintering, as in most recent years; although difficult to locate, I was able to find one in Kyushu, thanks to 3 Japanese birders from Tokyo.  The major dip was Japanese Waxwing which had not been reported at all. It is said to be common every 3 years, particularly in Kyushu in March / April, but is usually seen annually by Feb, eg in Matsumoto - but not this year.


Alan Wilkinson’s report of his Feb 95 visit to Japan is a good complement to Mark Brazil’s site guide, and the Tourist Offices in London are sources of much free literature, eg a youth hostel map of Japan and a basic railway timetable. A new field guide is available in Tokyo, produced by the Ornithological Society of Japan, with excellent plates but a Japanese text.


Dave Diskin’s Birding South Korea in Winter (1995) gives almost all you need to know. It does not mention Yangdong and nearby Ankye Reservoir - a nice site I found - and the best gull view-point at Nakdong is now further south on the mainland - see attached map. Ulsukto Island, Nakdong is being extensively developed and may not be worth visiting soon, even though part is supposed to be a nature reserve. Note that if intending to use the ferries to/ from Japan, 2 out of 3, including the hydrofoil (£78 from Japan), shut down for 2 weeks during the Chinese New Year, usually in Feb - I had to switch from Fukuoka to Shimanoseki at the last minute and only just made it in time.


Finally, the success of my trip was due entirely to the considerable help and generous hospitality of Des Allen, Sadao Ishimura and Nial Moores - I cannot thank any of them enough. On Hokkaido, Takada-san at Furo-so was very knowledgeable and helpful - he took us to a feeding station for Blakiston’s Fish-Owl - while his wife cooked the best food I ate all trip. In South Korea I was very grateful to Miss Kim, her friend, In Sik Lee and his friend for assistance and hospitality. Mark Eldridge and Graham Speight were helpful before I left Britain.




FEB 5   Arrived Narita 09.00 after a 12 hour delay in the PAL flight; train into Tokyo, shopping; pm at Meiji Shrine - Mandarin, Rustic Bunting; night at Des Allen’s house.


FEB 6   Tokyo parks (Inagashira, Ukimafunado and Ueno) for Baer’s Pochard and Baikal Teal, without success; night at DA’s.


FEB 7   Train to Mount Takao - White’s Thrush, Jap Grosbeak (but no Jap Accentor or Grey Bunting); DA’s.


FEB 8   Cycle with DA to his local temple/ farmland “patch” - Jap Green Woodpecker, Jap Wagtail. Joined WBSJ at Tokyo office; Yoyogi Park; Yatsu with Ishimura-san  - Saunders’ Gull; dinner at Ishimura’s; ferry at 22.00 with Ishimura-san and DA.


FEB 9   Ferry all day, calm but cold  - Laysan Albatross, Short-tailed Shearwater, Ancient Murrelet.


FEB 10 Ferry till 07.00 - Least and Crested Auklets; drive from Kushiro to Capes Kiritappu - Rosy Finch - and Nosappu; night at Furo-so minshuku.


FEB 11 Furen-ko - eagles - Cape Nosappu, Notsuke peninsula, Furo-so - Blakiston’s Fish-Owl.


FEB 12 Furen-ko all day - 150 Steller’s Eagles - while the others visited the capes; Furo-so.


FEB 13 Drive to crane sanctuaries near Kushiro; ferry at 14.00  -1000s of Crested Auklets.


FEB 14 Ferry till 20.30 - divers, Black-footed Albatross, Streaked Shearwater; trains to DA’s.


FEB 15 Train to Fukuoka/ Hakata; night at Nial Moore’s flat in Kashi.


FEB 16 Day with NM:- temple grounds at Kashi, Hakata Bay for gulls (with a fine tutorial by Nial), and Tachibanayama (Standing Flower Mountain) - Grey Bunting, Ural Owl heard; NM’s.


FEB 17 Train to Izumi, bus to Arasaki - cranes, Crested Kingfisher, Daurian Jackdaw; Minshuku Tsurumitei.


FEB 18 Drive with Japanese birders to Mi-ike, 05.30-08.00 - Scaly-sided Merganser - and back to Izumi. 13.30 train to Yatsushira; taxi to Kumagawa estuary - gulls (Great Black-headed and Saunders’) too far away due to high tide - hitch back to station; train to Fukuoka; NM’s. 


FEB 19 Ohori-koen, Fukuoka, with NM - gulls, Red-throated Flycatcher; train to Imazu, walk to Hakata Bay and Zuibaijigawa estuary - Black-faced Spoonbill, Chinese Penduline-Tit; train to Fukuoka; taxi to ferry terminal - no ferry - hitch to station, train to Shimanoseki; 18.30 overnight ferry to Pusan (£53).


FEB 20 Pusan at 08.30; met by Miss Kim and friend (arranged by NM); drive to Nakdong Estuary - cold and windy, tide fairly high - distant view of Relict and Saunders’ Gulls. Drive to Chunam Reservoir complex, joined by In Sik Lee and friend - Baikal Teal and White-naped Crane - then excellent local meal. Drive back to Pusan, in horrendous holiday traffic; bus to historic Kyongju; night at Han-Jin Jang Yogwan (£10 single).


FEB 21 Bus to Yangdong - Daurian Redstart and Siberian Accentor; 2 km walk to Ankye Reservoir - Bean Geese and a Snow Goose; walk along river towards Kyongju for 5+ km - Pallas’s Reed and Pine Buntings; bus back to Kyongju; afternoon touring historic sites - Japanese Grosbeak; Han-Jin Jang.


FEB 22 Luxury bus at 07.00 to Seoul - 4 hours, £9 - then afternoon flight to Manila.




Taxonomy, names and sequence are based on Birds of the World: A Checklist by JF Clements (1991), with a few obvious modifications. Capitals indicate new species for JH.




Pacific Diver                             6 from ferry on 14th, with 4+ unidentified divers; 2 in Hakata Bay


Red-throated Diver                   3 from ferry on 14th


Little Grebe                              Fairly common in small numbers, especially in parks


Great Crested Grebe                 Small numbers in Hakata Bay, 1 at Arasaki and a few in Shimanoseki harbour


Black-footed Albatross Only 1 from the ferry, on 15th


Laysan Albatross                     6+ from the ferry on 9th, 8-10 on 14th and 7 on 15th


Streaked Shearwater                Only 2 from the ferry, on 15th


Short-tailed Shearwater            5 from the ferry on 9th and 1 on 15th


Great Cormorant                      Abundant around Tokyo and common in estuaries and inland waters in Kyushu


Japanese/ Temminck’s Cormorant  The not uncommon large cormorants in northern waters, mainly from the ferry, were presumably this species, indistinguishable from the above without a good view


Pelagic Cormorant                   Common off the Hokkaido capes and in  northern waters from the ferry


Whooper Swan             Locally common in eastern Hokkaido


Brent Goose                             3+ Notsuke peninsula, Hokkaido


Mandarin Duck             35 near the Meiji Shrine, 14 at Inagushira-koen and a few at Ueno, Tokyo


Eurasian Wigeon                      Small numbers in Tokyo, common on Kyushu with even a few at Mi-ike              

Falcated Duck                          2 drakes in Ohori-koen and 17 in Hakata Bay


Gadwall                                    Fairly common in Tokyo parks and small numbers in Kyushu


Common Teal                          Common in Tokyo and Kyushu


Mallard                                     Common in Tokyo and Kyushu


Spot-billed Duck                      Similar numbers and distribution to Mallard


Northern Pintail                        Abundant in Tokyo, a few on Hokkaido and fairly common on Kyushu


Northern Shoveler                    Fairly common in Tokyo but scarcer on Kyushu


Common Pochard                    Abundant locally in Kyushu, eg at Ohori-koen and common in Tokyo


Tufted Duck                              Small numbers on inland waters in Tokyo and Kyushu


Greater Scaup                          Locally common off the Hokkaido coast


Harlequin Duck                        Common off the Hokkaido coast


Long-tailed Duck                      Locally common off the Hokkaido coast and in northern waters from the ferry


Black Scoter                             Locally common off the Hokkaido coast and from the ferry


White-winged/ Velvet Scoter     Small numbers off the Hokkaido coast


Common Goldeneye                Fairly common off the Hokkaido coast


Smew                                       4 drakes and 3 females at Kushiro


Red-breasted Merganser           Several on/ around Hokkaido and Kyushu, including 1 female at Mi-ike


SCALY-SIDED MERGANSER  Mergus squamatus         An immature male at Mi-ike


Common Merganser/ Goosander          A few around Hokkaido


Little Egret                               A few from the Tokyo - Hakata train and in Kyushu


Pacific Reef-Egret                     1 at Shingu, Hakata Bay


Grey Heron                               Common at Arasaki and small numbers throughout Kyushu


Great Egret                               A few from Tokyo to Kyushu


Cattle Egret                              A few small parties on Kyushu


Green Heron                             A few singles on Kyushu


Black-crowned Night-Heron      A few in Tokyo and quite common on Kyushu, eg 7  fishing at Kashi


[Scarlet Ibis]                             1 at Arasaki had obviously escaped from somewhere


Eurasian Spoonbill                  At least 1 in the flock of 14 spoonbills roosting at the Zuibaiji estuary


BLACK-FACED SPOONBILL  Platalea minor     At least 2 in the above flock


Osprey                                     1 at Arasaki and 2 at Yatsushira


Black-eared Kite                       100+ at Lake Furen, common at Arasaki and small numbers elsewhere    

White-tailed Eagle                    A scattering throughout SE Hokkaido, with 30+ at Furen-ko        


Steller’s Sea-Eagle                   A scattering throughout SE Hokkaido, with 14 at a small cape near Akkeshi and 150+ at Furen-ko - only visible late am on 12th when approx. half were on the ice and the others soared out of the Shikunitai “island” woodland - few were seen there in the afternoon


Eastern Marsh-Harrier              A pair at Arasaki


Common Buzzard                    1 at Mt Takao and several on Hokkaido


Eurasian Kestrel                       A few on Kyushu


Peregrine Falcon                      Singles at Capes Kiritappu and Nosappu


Chinese Bamboo-Partridge      Heard in brush at Tokyo and Hakata Bay


Common Moorhen                   Common in Tokyo and Kyushu


Eurasian Coot                          Small numbers in Tokyo and Kyushu, eg 4 at Ohori-koen


Common Crane                        2 at Arasaki


HOODED CRANE  Grus monacha         7000/ 8000 at Arasaki


Sandhill Crane                         2 at Arasaki


Red-crowned Crane                  75 at one “reserve” and 90 at another, with a lot of movement


WHITE-NAPED CRANE  Grus vipio       800/ 1000 at Arasaki     


Eurasian Curlew                       3 at Yatsu, Tokyo


Common Greenshank              3 at the Zuibaiji estuary


Green Sandpiper                      1 at Arasaki      


Common Sandpiper                 A few at Arasaki


Dunlin                                      Numerous at Yatsu


Black-winged Stilt                    6 at Yatsu


Grey Plover                              Common at Yatsu


Northern Lapwing                    Fairly common at Arasaki


Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris     Common from the ferry, at Yatsu and around Hakata Bay


Mew/ Kamchatka Gull Larus (canus) kamtschatschensis          Common at Kushiro, fairly common from the ferry and a few around Hakata


Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens        Common at Cape Nosappu and a few around Furen-ko


Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus          Common on Hokkaido and in northern waters


HEUGLIN’S/ Herring GULL  Larus heuglini taimyrensis            2+ at Shingu, Hakata Bay and 1 at Ohori-koen


Vega/ Herring/ Heuglin’s Gull Larus (argentatus/ heuglini) vegae         Common from the ferry and in Hakata Bay


[Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans barabensis]      A small, white-headed (unstreaked) dark eyed gull at Shingu, Hakata Bay on 16th was suspected of being this species by NM - an unusual and interesting sighting since there are no “official” records for East Asia (although Nial has seen similar birds in Kyushu before).


Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus   Abundant on Hokkaido and from the ferry, with a few at Ohori-koen and Hakata Bay


Common Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Numerous in Tokyo and Kyushu.


SAUNDERS’ GULL Larus saundersi     1 at Yatsu and 7 at the Zuibaiji estuary


Black-legged Kittiwake Larus tridactylus          Abundant from the ferry on 9th and 14th but uncommon near Hokkaido


Pomarine Skua                        30+ on both ferry journeys


Common Murre/ Guillemot       30+ guillemots from the ferry on 13th included both species, but most were unidentified


Thick-billed Murre/ Brunnich’s Guillemot         2 from the ferry on 10th and see above


Pigeon Guillemot                     A bird at Cape Kiritappu was cause for debate - I considered it to be this species


Spectacled Guillemot               At least 1 off Cape Nosappu


Ancient Murrelet                       150/ 200 from the ferry on 9th and 500/ 1000 on 14th


Japanese Murrelet                    2 from the ferry on 15th


CRESTED AUKLET  Aethia cristatella   50 from the ferry on 10th  and 10,000+ on 13th - many dense flocks streaming past the bows of the ship for hours


LEAST AUKLET  Aethia pusilla                        500/ 1000 from the ferry on 10th and 500 on 13th, with 25+ at Cape Kiritappu.


Rufous Turtle-Dove                  Very common throughout the Tokyo area and Kyushu


Blakiston’s Fish-Owl                A pair of adults at a feeding station at dusk were followed by 2 first-years after leaving


Ural Owl                                   One was heard at Tachibanayama but did not fly in to view


Short-eared Owl                       2 at Notsuke peninsula


Common Kingfisher                 1 at Arasaki


Crested Kingfisher                   1 at Arasaki


Pygmy Woodpecker                 Fairly common - 1 or 2 heard or seen in most woodland throughout


Japanese (Green) Woodpecker Singles at Mt Takao and Tachibanayama, and 3 at DA’s suburban “patch”


Eurasian Jay                            Fairly common on Hokkaido and several elsewhere


Black-billed Magpie                  2 from the Fukuoka - Izumi train


Azure-winged Magpie               A small party at Yatsu was the only record - I had previously found it common in Tokyo  


DAURIAN JACKDAW     Corvus dauricus  At least 4 in a large Corvid flock at Arasaki


Rook                                        100+ in the flock at Arasaki


Carrion Crow                            A few on Hokkaido and probably common around Arasaki


Large-billed Crow                     Common throughout


Ryukyu Minivet                        Flight calls heard at Mi-ike (and birds later seen by my two Japanese “friends”) were thought to be this sp. P.tegimae, some of which apparently migrate northwards in winter(!), rather than Ashy P.divaricatus which leaves Japan.  


Bull-headed Shrike                   Several singles, including 1 at DA’s “patch” and 2 at Shingu


Blue Rock-Thrush                    1 at Shingu


Scaly (White’s) Thrush A good view of 1 at Mt Takao


Pale Thrush                             Fairly common, particularly at Mt Takao, but skulking - in most woodland around Tokyo and on Kyushu


Brown-headed Thrush              Several in woodland around Tokyo and on Kyushu


Dusky Thrush                           Surprisingly scarce, with only a scattering of small numbers around Tokyo and Kyushu


Common Starling                     A party of 6 birds flying from a TV arial at the Kumagawa estuary, Kyushu was thought to be this rare species, which is normally only seen around Arasaki; the only other likely possibility is Japanese Waxwing!


White-cheeked Starling            Fairly common around Tokyo and on Kyushu


Red-throated Flycatcher           Found by NM at Ohori-koen a few days earlier, 1 was still present there on 19th - a rare record. Said to be a potential split from F. parva


Daurian Redstart                      Only 1, at Hakata Bay on 16th , a most unusual situation


Eurasian Nuthatch                    Fairly common in woodland throughout


(Winter) Wren                           2 at Mt Takao were the only ones noted, but probably overlooked


Long-tailed Tit                          Several small parties in woodland throughout


Asian Martin                             30+ at Izumi and a town 30-40km to the North


Goldcrest                                 A few at Mt Takao


Brown-eared Bulbul                 Abundant throughout


Japanese White-eye                  Common in woodland and parkland in Tokyo and Kyushu


Zitting Cisticola                        2 or 3 at Arasaki


Japanese Bush-Warbler            Several around Tokyo and on Kyushu


Marsh Tit                                  Common on Hokkaido


Willow Tit                                 A few on Hokkaido and around Tokyo.


Coal Tit                                    Common throughout


Great Tit                                   Abundant throughout. Japanese research has idicated that this form might merit splitting, as Parus minor.


Varied Tit                                 Fairly common around Tokyo, including the Meiji Shrine, and on Kyushu


CHINESE PENDULINE-TIT  Remiz consobrinus            Two parties of 5 and 3+ in typha at the Zuibaiji estuary - not found at Arasaki


Japanese Skylark                     Common throughout Kyushu


Russet Sparrow                        A single flock of c.500 near Mi-ike, mianly perched on wires


Eurasian Tree Sparrow Abundant in the vicinity of buildings throughout


Black-backed Wagtail               Common throughout the Tokyo region and Kyushu


Japanese Wagtail                     2 at DA’s “patch” and a few on Kyushu


Grey Wagtail                            Several on Mt Takao and Kyushu          


Buff-bellied Pipit                      Common on farmland on Kyushu. Another potential split - Anthus japonicus - as this form nests alongside A.rubescens in the Russian far east without interbreeding, according to Pavel Tomkovich (per NM).


Grey-capped Greenfinch           Fairly common in Tokyo and Kyushu, usually in small flocks


Eurasian Siskin/ Redpoll          A flock of 40/ 50 by L Furen contained one or both of these sp.


ASIAN ROSY-FINCH  Leucosticte arctoa   Two flocks of 10+ on Hokkaido: one near Cape Akkeshi and the other at Cape Kiritappu


Eurasian Bullfinch                   2 at DA’s “patch”


Hawfinch                                  2 at DA’s “patch”


Japanese Grosbeak                  3 at Mt Takao and 6 at Mi-ike


Meadow Bunting                      Common in small numbers in Tokyo and Kyushu


Rustic Bunting             2 at Meiji Shrine and the Zuibaiji estuary, several at Hakata Bay on 16th


Yellow-throated Bunting           A few at DA’s “patch” and Mi-ike, and 10 at Hakata Bay


Black-faced Bunting                 Fairly common around Tokyo and on Kyushu


GREY BUNTING  Emberiza variabilis   4 at Tachibanayama and 3/ 4 heard at Hakata Bay but could not be seen despite a long search - an arch-skulker in winter


Reed Bunting                           Several at Arasaki



Baer’s Pochard                         Ohori-koen, Fukuoka and Tokyo in Jan

Baikal Teal                                Karuizawa or Ura-Myogi; Tokyo in Jan

Steller’s Eider                            35 at Cape Nosappu, seen briefly by DA at third attempt

Bufflehead                                2 at Cape Notsuke

Spotted Eagle                           1 near Sendai

Imperial Eagle                           1 near Sendai

Siberian Crane                           1 near Kagoshima airport, Kyushu

Rock Sandpiper                                    Choshi, Chiba-ken - note that it only occurs in Hokkaido on spring                                                          passage in late March/ April

Great Black-headed Gull            Kumagawa estuary

Stock Dove                              2 at Arasaki

Japanese Waxwing                    ?

Pallas’s Rosefinch                     1 near Mount Fuji in Jan




C Chunam reservoir complex; K Kyongju vicinity; N Nakdong estuary; Y Yangdong vicinity.


Little Grebe                              Common at C and Y, a few at K


Great Crested Grebe                 Common throughout


Great Cormorant                      Abundant around Pusan harbour - nesting on a large rock beyond the harbour entrance - Japanese/ Temminck’s Cormorants may also have been present; and a few elsewhere


Bewick’s Swan             Several at C


Whooper Swan             500 at C, 100 at N and 4 at Y


Bean Goose                             5000 at C, 2000+ at Y and 50 at N


White-fronted Goose                500 at C


Snow Goose                            1, possibly 2, white phase birds at Y


Ruddy Shelduck                       At least 1 at Y


Common Shelduck                  100 at N


Eurasian Wigeon                      Common at N and C, with a few at Y


Falcated Teal                            20+ at C


Gadwall                                    Several at C and 10+ at Y


BAIKAL TEAL                           Only a handful remained at C (Tongpan Res)


Common Teal                          Common at C,Y and K


Mallard                                     Common at C,Y and K


Spot-billed Duck                      Common at C,Y and K  


Northern Pintail                        Several at C


Northern Shoveler                    Common at C and Y with a few at K


Common Pochard                    Common at C


Tufted Duck                              Several at C


CommonGoldeneye                 Only 1, at Y


Smew                                       17 at C, 100+ at Y and a few on the river at K


Red-breasted Merganser           A few at C


Common Merganser/ Goosander          200+ on the res at Y


Little Egret                               Common at N and C


Grey Heron                               Common throughout


Great Egret                               Occasional throughout  


Eurasian Spoonbill                  5 at C


Black-eared Kite                       Only 1 or 2       


Northern Goshawk                   1 perched on mud at the edge of Chunan Res


Eurasian Kestrel                       A few at C and Y


Ring-necked Pheasant  1 at Y


Eurasian Coot                          Several at C


White-naped Crane                   3 at C


Northern Lapwing                    10+ at C


Eurasian Curlew                       20 at N


Saunders’ Gull                         A few at N but impossible to count due to distance and adverse

lighting conditions        


Common Black-headed Gull     Common throughout


Black-tailed Gull                       Common at Pusan harbour


RELICT GULL  Larus relictus   5+ at N


Common/ Kamchatka Gull       1+ at Pusan harbour


Herring/ Vega Gull                   Common at Pusan harbour,a few at N and 1 at Y


Slaty-backed Gull                     At least 1 in Pusan harbour


Ancient Murrelet                       At least 1 in Pusan harbour


Rufous Turtle-Dove                  Common throughout


Pygmy-Woodpecker                 1 at Y


Eurasian Jay                            Common at Y and K


Black-billed Magpie                  Common throughout


Carrion Crow                            Fairly common throughout


Bull-headed Shrike                   Several at C and Y, and 2 at K


Dusky Thrush                           Strangely scarce - only 6, at K


Daurian Redstart                      3 at Y


Winter Wren                             2 at Y


Vinous-throated Parrotbill        Common at C,Y and K  


Long-tailed Tit                          Common at Y and K, with a few at C


Brown-eared Bulbul                 Common at C,K and Y


Coal Tit                                    1 at Y


Great Tit                                   Common at C, Y and K


Varied Tit                                 2 at K


Japanese Skylark                     Several at N and C, with 60+ at Y


Tree Sparrow                           Common throughout


Black-backed Wagtail               Several throughout


Buff-bellied Pipit                      Several at N, C and K, with 50+ at Y


SIBERIAN ACCENTOR  Prunella montanella    4 at Y


Grey-capped Greenfinch           Common throughout


Japanese Grosbeak                  15 at K


Pine Bunting                            A female in a scrubby ditch near the Yangdong - Kyongju road

was an identification problem, finally resolved at home with Buntings and Sparrows (1996)


Meadow Bunting                      2+ at N, C and Y


Yellow-throated Bunting           Common at C,Y and K


Rustic Bunting             10 at Y


PALLAS’ (REED) BUNTING  Emberiza pallasi               2 at Y






Fox  vulpes vulpes                               2 on Hokkaido


Northern Fur Seal  Callorhinus ursinus            Quite common in northern waters from the ferry


Northern/ Steller’s Sea Lion  Eumetopias jubatus        Common from the ferry


Harbour Seal  Phoca vitulina kurilensis           A few on the ice at Notsuke peninsula


Bottle-nosed Dolphin  Tursiops truncatus        Sporadically quite common from the ferry


Pygmy Killer Whale  Feresa attenuata  A single pod from the ferry


Dall’s Porpoise  Phocoenoides dalli    Several from the ferry


Sika Deer  Cervus nippon                     A few in Hokkaido.


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