BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD

Subtitle

SOUTHERN AFRICA: NAMIBIA AND THE CAPE

I accepted an invation to join a trip to Southern Africa, organised by Mark Welfare and Paul Callaway, and was rewarded by some excellent birding and 203 'lifers' in less than four weeks. Highlights were 10 owls including Pel's Fishing-Owl, 45 other raptor species, 8 bustards, Blue and Wattled Cranes and African Finfoot. Most of our time was spent in Namibia, which has been independent since 1990 and is  well-run, along South African lines. Apart from the time spent either side of the Botswana border, where the atmosphere was distinctly African, we could have been in 'the West' as far as facilities and orderliness, etc were concerned.

I flew from Heathrow to Windhoek, Namibia, on 31st October, 3 days before Mark and Paul, because their flight was allegedly fully booked (although there were actually plenty of spare seats). I spent the extra days at Daan Viljoen Game Reserve, near Windhoek, refamiliarising with African birds. We rented a car and headed north to the Caprivi strip, spent two days on the banks of Okavango in Botswana, then moved to Etosha National Park for 3 days. After meandering back to Windhoek, completing 4000km, we flew to Cape Town on 16th Nov and stayed the next two nights with Jim and Caz Enticott. We spent 5 full days covering 2500 km of southwest Cape Province, seeing all the many endemics and specialities except Sclater's Lark, Southern Grey Tit, Southern Tchagra and Black-headed Canary. We decided against a pelagic, after a lot of debate, for various reasons but mainly because of shortage of time, as we were prebooked to return to Windhoek on 22nd. We drove to the Namibian coast on 22nd and did a pelagic from there on 23rd - a pleasant but unspectacular day. Having 'cleaned up' unexpectedly quickly, we spent much of the remaining time at Waterberg National Park, more of a relaxation than a 'twitch'!

We recorded a total of 497 species and would certainly have topped 500 had we been able to spend the two 'extra' days in the Caprivi strip. However, we could not have anticipated seeing so many difficult species so easily, and had to fit our schedule to available flights. In conclusion this was a mega trip, due in no small part to the excellent company and the assistance from Jim and Caz Enticott, Brian Foster, Henk Hendriks, Rod Martins, Ian Sinclair, Mark van Biers and Nige Wheatley, to all of whom I am most grateful. Mark, Paul and Ian kindly contributed records and comments to the draft report, which have been incorporated into this final version.

                        GENERAL INFORMATION

Flight

We flew with Air Namibia, 561 pounds all-in, booked through Wildwings. All flights were on time, in modern planes and with good service. Flights from Heathrow currently run on Mondays and Thursdays, returning the following day.

Visa

No visas are necessary for any of the three countries visited.

Money

The South African Rand is accepted in Namibia but the local currency is the Namibian dollar, which has the same exchange rate (5.5 - 5.7 to the pound). The N$ is not acceptible in South Africa. Cash and travellers cheques are readily changed at banks, but not elsewhere, and credit cards are widely accepted other than at petrol stations.

Car hire

This is essential as there is little public transport in Namibia. International company rates are high, much more expensive than in South Africa. The cheapest strategy is to rent in South Africa, but it's a hell of a drive to the Caprivi Strip. We used a local company, Camping Car Hire (FAX 061 237757), who offered good rates, were very concerned  about their vehicles, and had 24 hour breakdown cover (but only based in Windhoek). We paid N$2197, approx 400 pounds, for 12 days in a VW Fox (saloon version of a Golf) and experienced no problems then or in the subsequent 3 days. We used Avis in Cape Town (190 pounds for 6 days) and could have left the car anywhere in South Africa without drop-off charge.

All main roads in South Africa and Namibia are tarred and pot-hole free, while minor roads are generally high quality dirt. Hence, with little traffic it is possible to travel long distances quickly. In Botswana the roads were sandy, but still OK with 2-wheel drive and the main road was being tarred. The only need for a 4-wheel drive would be if you want to go sightseeing in the Namib Desert. Petrol stations are usually open for 24 hours.  

Pelagics

These are organised out of Cape Town by Barrie Rose (021 251300, FAX 419 3738 ) and Walvis Bay by Neils (0642 3820, FAX 0642 7593 ). Winter trips, especially from Cape Town, are excellent but the austral summer is not a good time. Costs from Cape Town are around 70 pounds each for a day on a tuna fishing boat, probably taking no more than 2 birders per boat, available most days, weather permitting, or 500+ pounds to charter a boat for the day. We paid 34 pounds each for 7 hours in a large speed-boat in Walvis Bay.

Accommodation and food

Hotels and lodges are not cheap (eg 60 pounds a night for a double at the Furstenhof Hotel in Windhoek, used by tour groups),  but 'camps' are fairly widely available, many of which have apartments or chalets to rent at prices in the range 10-20 pounds total. We had our own tents, only used at 3 sites, but did stay at 4 lodges. Camping is permitted at some of the lodges, eg  Shakawe and Kaisosi). The camps and lodges have hot showers and usually a good swimming-pool. 

In Cape Town we stayed in the Enticott's flat, adjoining their house (12A Rose Avenue, Kirstenhof 7945, tel 021 757676), for 210 Rand a day. We ate dinner every night in a restaurant or at the lodge, usually paying  5-7 pounds for a main course, Western-style, plus a few beers. The only site without a restaurant was Popa Falls, where we had to travel to the nearby lodge to eat. All the apartments/chalets had gas or electric plates, so it would be possible to self-cater, if you had your own cooking utensils.

Health and safety

Although the full complement of jabs and pills is recommended, the only area where there is a serious health risk is the northeast. Small mosquitos, causing little discomfort, were present around the Okavango, and one tourist we saw had caught malaria, albeit further south in Botswana. The only risk to safety is to the contents of cars in the larger towns, especially in Swakopmund and Walvis Bay where full precautions are advisable.

Language

English is fairly widely spoken, although German is more popular in Namibia, and no doubt my Flemish friends would have even less problem. 

Weather

It was mostly dry and sunny, becoming hot in the last few days. Normally, the rainy season would have started in the north, but although we saw thunder storms, little rain was experienced. It had rained for most of the week in Cape Town just before we arrived, but was dry and rather warm during our stay.

Recommendations

The 'traditional' route around Namibia, ie starting at the coast and working up to the Caprivi Strip, has the advantage of saving the 'best' to the last, so that any surplus time can be profitably used. Although we did very well, in retrospect we should have spent at least one day going further east beyond Popa Falls, which would have given a number of new species such as Dickinson's Kestrel and Dusky Lark. Even better would be to drive right through to Zimbabwe, to visit Victoria Falls. It is possible to fly back from there, but the car would  have to be driven back to Windhoek by someone, as drop-off charges are extortionate. The road east of Popa Falls is dirt currently but is being tarred, and there is a good lodge, Lianshulu, before the Zimbabwe border.

All the sites we visited were worthwhile. I would have liked more time at Mahango and Grootvadersbosch, and would go to the 'Radio Mast forest' (see below) in future. For those with limited time, I have no hesitation in recommending birding southern Africa in two bites: Namibia and the Cape, and the east - probably Zimbabwe and Natal. A 2 week trip to Namibia alone would also be well worthwhile. November is possibly the best time to maximise number of bird and mammal species, as the intra-African migrants arrive then and mammals are concentrated at the waterholes before the rains come.  March/April, at the end of the rainy season, might be better for birds eg Dwarf Bittern, Slaty Egret, Lesser Moorhen and Wattled Crane are said to be common in the Caprivi then and young Pel's are learning to fish or calling for food.

                                                REFERENCES

Chittenden, Hugh (ed.) (1992)  Top Birding Spots in Southern Africa.

Green, Clive (1992)  Birding in South Africa and Namibia.

Heijnen, Tom  & Rob Bouwman (1991)  Namibia 1991.

Molgaard, Erik  et al (1991)  Birdwatching in Namibia and South Africa: 24.9.90-3.11.90.

Newman, Kenneth (1984)  Newman's Birds of Southern Africa

Sinclair, Ian, Phil Hockey and Warwick Tarboton (1993)  Illustrated Guide to the Birds of Southern Africa.

Stuart, Chris & Tilde (1991)  Field Guide to the Mammals of Southern Africa.

                                ITINERARY

Nov      1 - 3      Daan Viljoen GR, Windhoek

            4          Windhoek - Okonjima Lodge

            5          Okonjima * Rundu

            6          Rundu * Shakawe Lodge, Botswana

            7          Shakawe * Okavango River

            8          Shakawe * Mahango NP * Popa Falls

            9          Popa Falls * miombo forest * Rundu

            10         Rundu * Andoni plains, Etosha NP * Namutoni Camp

            11         Namutoni * Andoni * Twee Palms & Fischer's Pan * Halali Camp

            12         Halali * Rhino Drive * Okendeka * Okaukuejo Camp

            13         Okaukuejo * Olifantsbad * Hobatere Lodge

            14         Hobatere * Khorixas * Twyfelfontein * Omaruru

            15         Omaruru * Karibib * Avis Dam, Windhoek * Daan Viljoen GR

            16         Daan Viljoen * Windhoek * Cape Town 

            17         Sir Lowry's Pass * Betty's Bay * Harold Porter BG * Kirstenbosch BG * Rondevlei NR*                             Simon's Town * Kommetjie * Cape Town

            18         Bontebok NP * De Hoop NR * Potberg * Swellendam

            19         Grootvadersbosch NR * Vrolijkheid NR * Ceres * Karooport * Ceres

            20         Karooport * Katbakkies * Brandvlei * Clanwilliam

            21         Kransvlei Poort  * Lambert's Bay * Saldanha Is * West Coast NP * Cape Town

            22         Sandvlei marsh * Kommetjie * Cape Town * Windhoek * Swakopmund

            23         Rooiport * Walvis Bay pelagic * Walvis Bay SF * Swakopmund pools and saltpans

            24         Usakos * Waterberg NP

            25         Waterberg NP * Avis Dam * Windhoek

                                 NOTES ON SITES

 

Details of most of the sites are given in Chittenden, Green, Heijnen & Bouwman or Molgaard et al, but the following additional notes may be useful.

Walvis Bay                  

Top priorities are to see Dune Lark and Damara Tern. The terns nest in the sand dunes during the summer and can then be seen fishing off-shore; difficult at other seasons as they migrate to West Africa.. For the lark, go to Rooiport, a southerly turn off the C14 Walvis Bay-Windhoek road some 15km from WB; park c.200m before the village and walk west into the small grassy sand-dunes, inhabited sparingly by the ground-loving lark. We found the best sites for waders and waterbirds to be:-

(a) Walvis Bay 'Birdpark', immediately beyond the Sewage Farm (not at it, as stated in Green);

(b) pools at the river mouth south of Swakopmund;

(c) salt pans 5km north of Swakopmund.

To find Neils, for pelagics, go to his restaurant at the resort of Long Beach, between Swakopmund and Walvis Bay. 

Omaruru                     

The ancient Erongo Mountains near here, 8km along a dirt road off the Karibib road, are a good dawn and dusk site for Hartlaub's Francolin and Freckled Nightjar: stop by the wide dry river bed, cross the fence on the left hand side of the road and climb up onto the rocks. There is an excellent patch of mature riverine forest near Usakos, 7km up the northern dirt road on the west side of town. The star Herero Chat can be seen at Khorixas, Petrified Forest and Spitzkoppe.

Okonjima                    

This luxurious lodge, run by Wayne and Lise Hanssen (tel 0658, extension 18212; fax 0651 4382), charges c. 40 pounds a day for full board. This includes a drive to a hide overlooking a feeding area for wild leopards - late afternoon sightings virtually guaranteed - access to a hide overlooking a small floodlit water-hole, where we had great views of Ratel, Porcupine and Burchell's Sandgrouse - and free loan of a jeep to drive elsewhere on their property. Wayne appears to be doing a good job in trying to protect Leopards and Cheetahs from extermination by farmers. It is reached from the D2525 dirt road 47km south of Otjiwarongo, but note that the last few km may be impassable after heavy rain.

Hobatere                     

This lodge (PO Box 110, Kamanjab, Namibia; tel 06552 2022) is run by a Steve Braine, a bird-ringer and former park-ranger with extensive knowledge of Namibian birds. It has a good selection of birds including Verraux's Eagle-Owl and Bronze-winged Courser (summer only) as well as animals such as Aardwolf and Aardvaark. It is on the western edge of Etosha NP, just off the Kamanjab-Ruacana road,  but only tour groups are allowed to drive through this part of the Park, so you may have to go the long way round. If time permits, you could continue north for a further 200km to the Kunene River at Ruacana to see the Angolan near-endemic Rufous-tailed Palm-Thrush and Cinderella Waxbill. 

Rundu                         

The Sewage Farm, a few km east of town along the main dirt road, is good for waterbirds. Our only Black Heron roosted with Egrets at the marsh near the river, a site for Red-chested Flufftail, Chestnut Weaver, Marsh Owl and possibly Grass Owl. We had Rufous-bellied Heron in the small marsh by the river at Vungu Vungu Dairy, a few km further east. Kaisosi Lodge (tel 67372 265), in between these sites, is a good place to stay; the mega Pennant-winged Nightjar frequents the acacia woodland in summer but had not arrived when we were there.

'Radio Mast' Forest      

There is a new tarred road from Rundu to Bagani /Popa Falls which cuts through miombo woodland most of the way. We stopped at several places to look for the specialities, seeing Rufous-bellied Tit and Greencap Eremomela  173km from Rundu and Sharp-tailed Starling after c.100km. We saw 2 pipits, expecting them to be Wood A.nyassae, but were disappointed to find they were the much rarer migrant Tree Pipit! Also dipped on Racquet-tailed Roller, Stierling's Barred Warbler, Dusky Lark and Souza's Shrike, all of which (we later learnt) are found in the high forest surrounding a radio mast some 100km along the old dirt road from Rundu - not 120km as stated by Molgaard et al.

Mahango National Park                       

This relatively small National Park surrounds the Okavango on the Namibian side of the border with Botswana, 20 km from Popa Falls.  The main road to Botswana goes straight through it and there is a track on either side, the one on the west side being of little interest. The other (driveable) track follows the river and has 2 picknick sites, both of which are worth birding - surprisingly, you are allowed to walk anywhere, but watch out for Lions! Wattled Crane were near the first site while the southerly site held Pel's Fishing-Owl and Western Banded Snake-Eagle. We failed to find Dickinson's Kestrel, Three-banded Courser, Bennett's Woodpecker, Blue-grey Flycatcher and Southern Brown-throated Weaver, all of which occur here, but did see Crested and Swainson's Francolin, Bradfield's Hornbill and Long-toed Plover. As it was exceptionally dry, many of the waterbirds normally present had retreated into the Delta, so we missed Slaty Egret and Saddle-billed Stork, but did have good views of Rufous-bellied Heron.

Shakawe                     

This is the first village in Botswana. It takes 10-15 mins to cross the border as you have to fill in forms on both sides, but it's straight forward. Beyond the village are 2 lodges; the second, Shakawe Fishing Lodge, on the banks of the Okavango, is run by Elaine and Barry Price and an excellent place to stay, with a remnant of mature forest in the grounds. Costs are 37.50 pounds for a 3-bed chalet, 25 pounds for a luxury 2-bed tent or 4 pounds to camp. Meals are extra but good value. A boat trip on the river with Elaine is highly recommended for viewing the bee-eaters and waterbirds.

 Target birds are White-backed Night-Heron (spot-light the river banks at night), Pel's Fishing-Owl (roost and nest in the forest and fish along the river at night), Barred and Wood Owls (around the Lodge); the forest birds Green-backed Honeyguide, White-bellied Cuckoo-Shrike, Black-faced Babbler and Retz's Helmet-Shrike; and Greater Swamp-Warbler and Chirping Cisticola skulking in the reeds. Skimmers, White-fronted and Carmine Bee-eaters and Water Dikkop frequent the river, and Western Banded Snake-Eagle may be seen in flight. Slaty Egret, Dwarf Bittern and Lesser Moorhen occur in the summer when it is wet.   

Grootvadersbosch       

This appears to be the best true forest reserve within reasonable distance of Cape Town and being near to Swellendam,  is close to Bontebok and De Hoop - see Chittenden for location. It is the western extremity of a number of eastern species, such as Greater Double-collared Sunbird, Blue-mantled Flycatcher, Yellow-throated Warbler, Grey Cuckoo-Shrike and Olive Bush-Shrike. Other residents of note are Crowned Eagle, Forest/Mountain Buzzard, Buff-spotted Flufftail, Red-necked Francolin, Cinnamon Dove, Narina Trogon, Scaly-throated Honeyguide, Knysna Woodpecker, Rock/Yellow-tufted Pipit and Forest Canary. There are good camping facilities and chalets for hire but no food. Both tracks, downwards to the left (from the camp) and upwards to the right, are worth doing, as is the downwards trail to the right which loops through the forest. 

West Coast National Park        

This covers the coastal area south of Langebaan and is particularly good for waders, Black Harriers and coastal fynbos species. There are 3 hides overlooking the large central lagoon but there appears to be no way of viewing the sea, without trespassing, apart from going to the very end of the loop road, a long way. An American couple we met claimed to have found a walking trail to the dunes from near the major U-bend in the road at the end of the lagoon, but we could not find it; they saw Humpbacks breaching and a huge flock of Sabines Gulls off-shore. We tried hard for Southern Grey Tit here, but dipped although we did see Layard's Titbabbler, another common resident according to the bird-list. Red-chested Flufftail is said to be common in brush and reeds along a 4km stretch of the main road at the southern end of the NP. 

Saldanha Island, at the end of the causeway west of Saldanha town, has a breeding colony of cormorants and penguins. Access is through a wardened gate, by permit only, from the National Park office in Langebaan - we were unable to talk our way in. Although we could just about see over the wall, it was not really worth going here without a permit.

De Hoop Nature Reserve                      

We took the road 10km west of  Swellendam south for 40km to De Hoop, seeing many birds including Redwing Francolin and Karoo Korhaan. De Hoop itself was disappointing, but we were there in the afternoon on a very windy day. We failed to find Southern Tchagra, common around the camp according to the Danes, or Knysna Woodpecker, but did see Black Korhaan, and Black Harrier, a displaying Stanley Bustard and Blue Cranes on the way to Potberg at the mountainous eastern end of the reserve. Here, we walked up the Klippsringer Trail for Cape Vulture but were too late (17.30) - they had probably already gone to roost. The woodland looked worthy of investigation earlier in the day. Note that the gates into the main entrance to De Hoop close at 18.00 but there are no gates at Potberg.  

Harold Porter Botanical Gardens         

This is a fine botanical gardens, just beyond Betty's Bay, with trails into the surrounding hills. Best birds here were Ground Woodpecker, Orange-breasted Sunbird, Levaillant's Cisticola and Cape Batis. We belatedly learnt this was the nearest known site to Cape Town for Cape Eagle Owl, the one owl that we missed. It is seen at dusk from the green railed bridge over the river up the left hand trail (where we had the woodpecker). Although there are standard opening hours for the site, it is easy to get in and out via the drive to the house on the west side.   

North of Ceres             

The arid Karoo north of  Ceres is the best area for several endemics. Take route 46 northeast for 40km; fork left on 356 and left again on 355 towards Calvinia. Just before the last fork, the reedy ditch on the east side holds Namaqua Prinia, and just after the fork, a rocky hill comes down to the road by a lay-by: search here for Cinnamon-breasted Warbler. 14km from the fork are obvious isolated mountains on both sides of the road; this is a good area for Karoo Eremomela. Further on turn left (west) up the gorge to Katbakkies campsite; the trees hold Fairy Flycatcher/Warbler and the scrub, Layard's Titbabbler, and possibly Southern Grey Tit and Cinnamon-breasted Warbler.

Another 170 or so km on the dirt road brings you to Calvinia, after which it is about 130km further north on tar to Brandvlei. We stopped 104km from Calvinia and found a single Red Lark in the scrub to the east; before this we had had false alarms with rufous Spike-heeled Larks both sides of this point. Black-cheeked Sparrow-Lark was found 1-2km further on, to the west of the road, but we could not find Sclater's Lark, the third endemic, anywhere along this road, contrary to what we had been told by an American. It seems we should have continued to Brandvlei and searched beyond there, where there is also a new , about-to-be-described species, 'Cave's Lark'. 

Kommetjie                  

This is said to be the most accessible good sea-watching point now, since sewage discharge from Cape Town has been cleaned up, leading to the demise of  sites for Sabine's Gull flocks. We tried an evening and an early morning watch from the lighthouse; the latter was much the better. Nearby Simon's Town has a large penguin colony, well worth visiting - go through the town to the southeast, park at the headland and walk back along the cliff to the colony.   

                                DAILY LOG

Tuesday 1st Nov - Thursday 3rd Nov    Arrived at Windhoek Airport at 06.45; cleared customs and caught 07.30 coach to town (N$ 20), arriving 08.00. Checked hire-car arrangements, booked accommodation for Etosha and took taxi to Daan Viljoen Game Reserve (N$ 60). Camped next 3 nights - N$ 85 total - and spent 2+ days walking the trails. Found the Rooibos Trail, beyond the swimming pool (see Green), good in the morning, with Rockrunner regular; Barred Warbler, Rattling and Grey Cisticolas in the bushes, and Orange River Francolin on the hillside. The Wag 'n Bietjie Trail, to the 2 dams parallel to the main road, held some birds, including Bearded Woodpecker and hornbills, while the main dam was good for African Reed-Warbler, tits, buntings, and swallows at dusk and dawn. I recorded a total of 100 species here.  

Friday 4th Nov                          Lift with a German couple to Windhoek, collected the hire-car, met Mark and Paul at the airport, and drove back to town to change money and shop - on the road north by 10.00.

Stopped for rollers, shrikes, Pale Chanting Goshawks, etc - the best birds were Ruepell's Parrot after 135km and Pearl-breasted Swallow after 141km. Turned off for Okonjima Lodge after 230 km, arriving at 16.15. After tea and cake, Wayne took us to the leopard hide where we eventually had stellar views of 2 separate Leopards feeding. Birded till dark, seeing White-tailed Shrike and Rufous-cheeked Nightjar. After an excellent buffet, watched Ratels and Porcupines from the hide at floodlit pool, then drove towards the main road and back, seeing Spotted Eagle-Owl and Scrub Hare.

Okonjima was the only place we had prebooked from home (by phone) and although expensive - total bill for 3 was US$220 - was well worthwhile.  

Saturday 5th Nov          Drove in a jeep to the escarpment for dawn but failed to even hear Hartlaub's Francolin or Freckled Nightjar. Returned to the pool hide for 2 hours, seeing lots of birds including Burchell's Sandgrouse and White-backed Mousebird. Left Okonjima at 11.15 after brunch and drove 450km to Rundu, arriving at Kaisosi Lodge at 17.15. Rented a 2-bed apartment for N$165. Birded the riverside and fields around Vungu Vungu Dairy till dark: Rufous-bellied Heron, Caspian Plover, Temminck's Courser, Coppery-tailed Coucal, Mozambique Nightjar and Hartlaub's Babbler..

Sunday 6th Nov                        Rundu Sewage Farm from dawn till 10.00 held  Hottentot Teal, Southern Pochard, Lesser Jacana and many waders, including Painted and African Snipes, and Green Sandpiper - a rare vagrant!. Also saw 2 African Hobby, a good selection of hirundines, and a party of Red-footed Falcon at the river. Back at the Lodge, African and Dideric Cuckoos, Grey-headed Kingfisher and Brown Firefinch were noted. Left at 11.00 for Popa Falls, stopping in the miombo woodland after c.100 and 120km. Plum-coloured Starling, Kurrichane Thrush, White Helmet-Shrike, Yellow-breasted Apalis and, best of all, Sharp-tailed Starling were seen.

I tried to negotiate an acceptible deal at Ndhovu Lodge, as prices had recently risen by 70%, but failed and was even more upset to find the others had seen a Black Cuckoo. Drove on through Mahango NP, over the quiet border to Shakawe, arriving at the Fishing Lodge at 17.00. Soon amongst the birds, with many bee-eaters and a fine Broad-billed Roller. A quick sortie into the forest gave a Pel's Fishing Owl, scoped in a large tree. Much beer was consumed subsequently in celebration!

Monday 7th Nov                       All day at Shakawe, in the gardens, scrub and forest, and on the river from 16.15 to 18.45. Highlights were White-backed Night-Heron, Ovampo Sparrowhawk, Skimmer, Water Dikkop, Meyer's Parrot, Wood Owl, Woodland Kingfisher, Great and Slender-billed Honeyguides, Crested Barbet, Terrestrial Brownbul, Greater Swamp-Warbler, Retz's Helmet-Shrike, Sulphur-breasted Bush-Shrike and the 4 species of Bee-eater including spectacular colonies of Carmines. 

Tuesday 8th Nov          Another fine day started with a Barred Owl. Left at 07.00 but had to return for a forgotten scope and then lost more time extricating the car from a patch of deep sand. A party of Magpie Shrikes at Shakawe village was a consolation and we finally reached Mahango at 09.00. Stayed till 16.30, mostly along the Okavango, seeing many mammals and some good birds, notably Pygmy Goose, Western Banded Snake-Eagle (missed at Shakawe), Swainson's Francolin, Long-toed and Wattled Plovers, Bradfield's Hornbill, Black Cuckoo-Shrike, another gripping view of Pel's Owl and possibly better still, a pair of Wattled Crane, with a juvenile. Investigated campsite on the way to Popa Falls but rather basic and no food, so continued to the National Park, rented a pleasant 4-bed chalet (N$100) and booked dinner at nearby lodge. Spent the last hour with obliging Rock Pratincoles and had surprising bonus of a brief but good Finfoot sighting.   

Wednesday 9th Nov      Birded the extensive Popa Falls trails till 10.00 - Brown Snake-Eagle, Cuckoo-Falcon, Tropical Boubou, Chinspot Batis and Collared Sunbird, but no Bearded Scrub-Robin - then left for Rundu. Made several sorties into the miombo woodland, seeing African Penduline Tit, the striking Rufous-bellied Tit, Greencap Eremomela, Yellow White-eye, Red-headed Weaver, many Willow Warblers and the rare Tree Pipit. Checked in again at Kaisosi Lodge, this time getting a luxury 3-bed apartment for the same price. Stayed at the Sewage Farm and golf-course from 16.00 till dark: Black Egret, Little Bittern and Marsh Owl, but no Pennant-winged Nightjars.

Thursday 10th Nov       Returned to the SF before dawn, to try to see the many ducks which had flown in late yesterday - to no avail, they had gone. A migrant Great Reed Warbler was the only new bird, so birded around the Lodge and left for Etosha at 09.00. Reached Namutoni Camp at 13.30, paying the National Park entrance fee of  N$8 per person plus N$10 for the car. Booked a large 2-bed air-conditioned apartment for N$90. Drove to Andoni plains, seeing many mammals and Chestnut-banded Plover, and 15 superb Blue Cranes, and then did a fruitless circuit of Klein Namutoni, a traditional site for Verreaux's Eagle Owl - later learnt that the roost tree had fallen down. Observed activity at the waterhole before and after dinner, a pair of Red-necked Falcons being the main prize.

Friday 11th Nov            Early morning vigil at the waterhole gave a few Double-banded Sandgrouse, Rufous-cheeked Nightjar and 2 Turnstones. Returned to Klein Namutoni at 06.15 when the gates opened (till 18.45) to see a Spotted Hyena family at den, then to Andoni plains where Namaqua Sandgrouse were numerous; back to Camp via Twee Palms and Fischer's Pan. Spent some time on larks, identifying Sabota and Pink-billed among the common Red-capped.  Spoke to chief warden about Verreaux's Eagle Owl and he asked us to return in an hour, which we duly did, only to learn that his man could not find one at the regular site. He did tell us of a Gabar Goshawk nest in the grounds of the Camp, which we then saw, complete with adult and 3 large juvs.

Left for Halali at 14.30. Today was the big day for bustards, with Red-crested replaced by White-quilled as we travelled west, and Kori found throughout. Another fine sight was 65 Caspian Plover all perched on stones and a pair of Double-banded Courser with small young nearby. Reached Halali Camp at 17.30; booked chalet for N$90 (rather than N$50 with shared facilities); observed African Scops-owl roosting outside the restaurant, then visited the waterhole area which was fairly lifeless. Retired earlier than usual, to drink with Ian Sinclair and, later, Mark van Beirs.

Saturday 12th Nov        Birded around the Camp till 10.00, seeing Bare-faced Babbler but not Violet Woodhoopoe, the other 'speciality'. Drove to Okaukeujo via Rhino Drive and Okondeka, stopping at several waterholes. Bustards were again in evidence, a single Ludwig's being new, and we finally found numbers of Rufous-eared Warbler in really low vegetation. Bird of the day was Pygmy Falcon - a pair at a large Social Weaver colony at Leeubron. Took an early supper and then watched the waterhole from 19.00 to 22.00: lots of Double-banded Sandgrouse and mammals, including a Black Rhino, Barn and Spotted Eagle Owls, Spotted Dikkop, Ruffs and nightjars.

Sunday 13th Nov          Arrived at the waterhole at 05.00 to find another Rhino, and similar bird activity. Drove to Olifantsbad waterhole at 06.15 as two Cheetah had been seen there yesterday, but no luck. Left Okaukeujo south at 10.00, soon exiting from Etosha at Andersson Gate; turned northwest at Outjo for Hobatere, reaching the Lodge at 14.30, the last 20km being rather slow. Soon saw an adult and fledgling Verreaux's Eagle Owl, and a party of Bradfield's Swifts. Further exploration of trees along the dry river bed gave African Hawk-Eagle, Ruepell's Parrot, Olive Bee-eater, Bare-faced Babbler and Chestnut Weaver, before rain stopped play. After dinner the rain eased and Steve agreed to a short drive - this produced Ardwolf, Spring Hare, White-faced Scops-owl and unidentified nightjars.

Monday 14th Nov         Left in the dark to be at the rocks above the campsite at dawn. Saw Hartlaub's Francolin but not Freckled Nightjar; Striped Cuckoo and Wood Owl were in the trees. At 07.00 drove south to Khorixas, arriving at 10.30. Short of cash but there was no bank. Drove to the campsite and had three good sightings outside it: a Tractrac Chat, followed by a pair of Herero Chat and several Kaokoland Rock Hyrax. Then visited the Petrified Forest, another Herero Chat site but we just duded, Burnt Mountain and the rock paintings at Twyfelfontein. Karoo Chat and Cape Sparrow were the only other new birds in this area. The final, long drive was to Omaruru, passing 5 Ruepell's and one Ludwig's Bustards. We had difficulty locating the campsite at 19.30 in the dark - on the east side of the C33 road on the northern outskirts of town. Rented a bungalow for N$90, then dined at Hotel Staebe on the southeast of town.  

Tuesday 15th Nov         Another early start, for the nearby Erongo Mountains but this time arrived too late for Freckled Nightjar, although did hear it briefly; Hartlaub's Francolin was easy. Quite a promising area but we pressed on to Karibib airport, 16km north of town off the C33, sign-posted to a flying club, not airport. White-quilled Bustards were display flighting and calling as we 'air-stripped' the long runways for larks. Much effort was only rewarded by Sabota, Stark's, Spike-heeled and Clapper Larks, although also saw Dusky Sunbird, Chat Flycatcher, Rufous-eared Warbler and the stunning Larklike Bunting. Left at 09.30 for Windhoek where we had lunch and then spent 2 hours at Avis Dam. Here, in addition to a multitude of waterfowl and waders, we saw Small Buttonquail (the elusive Andalusian Hemipode!) and Shaft-tailed Whydah. At 16.00 proceeded to Daan Viljoen Game Reserve where rented a chalet for N$55. A drive on the 6km one-way road gave Orange River Francolin.

Wednesday 16th Nov    African Barred Warbler was the highlight of early morning on Rooibos Trail. After breakfast, returned the car and took a minibus to the airport. The 13.45 flight landed in Cape Town on time at 17.00 and we soon had our Avis car. Drove to Rondevlei NR, only to find it shut (at 17.00), so continued to the Endicotts' pad at nearby Retreat. After a good pizza at round the corner, talked well into the night with Jim and Cas.

Thursday 17th Nov       Daylight was over an hour longer here so full dawn to dusk birding was not so vital, or practical. Left for Sir Lowry's Pass at 05.30, arriving at 06.00; soon had Cape Grassbird, Cape Rockjumper and Sentinel Rock-Thrush. Victorin's Warbler was very obliging below the power lines, but a long walk on the hillside only produced Ground Woodpecker for 2 of the party.At 08.00 dropped down to the spectacular coast and headed east to Betty's Bay: several Cape Sugarbirds and Malachite Sunbirds en route..Scoped the penguins at the point, breakfasted and continued to the pleasant Harold Porter Botanical Gardens where spent the 3 hours till noon. Highlights were Ground Woodpecker, Sombre Greenbul, Cape Batis, Olive Thrush, Cape Robin-Chat, Levaillant's Cisticola, and Orange-breasted Sunbird.

Returned to Cape Town and Kirstenbosch Botanical Gardens, which were much busier than Harold Porter. Objective here was Knysna Warbler, located by tape on the trail for blind people, but highly elusive. Moved on to Rondevlei at 15.00: lots of terns and waterbirds, including White Pelicans, but disappointing for landbirds. A walk among the pelicans at Stoney Point, Simon's Town was an experience, before reaching the last destination, Kommetjie, at 18.00. Seawatching was difficult against the sun and birds not numerous, so retreated to Retreat for another pizza.

Friday 18th Nov            05.30 departure for Bontebok NP, Swellendam, spotting White Stork, Blue Crane and Thick-billed Lark on the way. Arrived at 09.00; good morning  with Jackal Buzzard, African Gos, Stanley Bustard, Bokmakierie, Cloud and Grey-backed Cisticolas, Cape Longclaw and Swee waxbill, but the walk on the hillside by the river was a little disappointing. Two hour drive south to De Hoop with frequent stops for raptors (many Lesser Kestrels), bustards and larks (Long-billed, Karoo and Grey-backed Finch-). Gale blowing at the Nature Reserve impeded birding so moved on to Potberg at 16.30, watching Black Harrier en route. A pale Tawny Eagle, out of range according to the books, fooled us initially into thinking we had scored on the hoped for Cape Vulture. A fine display by a Lanner was some compensation. Return journey to Swellendam only took one hour; we stopped at a restaurant there at 19.30 before pitching tents at the unmanned campsite in the dark.   

Saturday 19th Nov        Up early in fruitless attempt to see calling Fiery-cheeked Nightjars. The campsite was nicely positioned by the river, with a resident pair of Fish-Eagles, but facilities broken and dirty - just as well it was free.  Departed east at 06.15 for Grootvadersbosch, arriving at 07.00. This held the only mature deciduous forest we saw, with an excellent list of birds. In 4 hours saw Forest Buzzard, Klaas's Cuckoo, Knysna and Olive Woodpeckers, Olive Bush-Shrike, Yellow-throated Warbler, Blue-mantled Flycatcher, Grey Cuckoo-Shrike, Greater Double-collared and Black Sunbirds, and Forest Canary, none of which were seen elsewhere. The ranger, belatedly found, was very knowledgeable about birds, detailing many species we had missed.

Next stop on the long drive to Ceres was Vrolijkheid Nature Reserve where Southern Grey Tit and Black-headed Canary occur. Strong wind and sun rendered birding poor but did see the local Yellow-tufted Pipit. At Ceres we looked for Black Duck on the river without success, then drove on to Karooport where Cinnamon-breasted Warbler gave a fine display. On return to Ceres, met a couple from California, the only birders seen in the Cape apart from 2 Brits who had also been up north. Tried the cheaper campsite at Ceres, but finding it crowded and noisy, drove to Pine Forest Holiday Resort where at 20.00 rented 2-bed chalet for 74 Rand, then ate in town. 

Sunday 20th Nov          Returned to Karooport at 06.00, soon ticking Namaqua Prinia, and Karoo Eremomela and Sicklewing Chat a further 14km on. Katbakkies canyon gave Fairy Flycatcher/Warbler and frustrating views of Layard's Titbabbler/Warbler, but no southern Grey Tit. The long drive north to the Red Lark site near Brandvlei, via Calvinia, was achieved by 12.45, with a few birds such as Martial Eagle and Karoo Bustard, amidst dramatic arid scenery. Spent some time at the Brits' site, seeing Black-eared Sparrow-Lark and rufous Spike-heeled Larks, but not Red Lark. Then tried the Endicotts' site and eventually found a single Red, thankfully.

Turned south at 15.00, expecting to find the third endemic, Sclater's Lark , by the roadside (per the Americans) but failed, despite some effort. Decided to take the longer tarred road back to Clanwilliam, rather than the slower dirt road through the Cedarberg Mountains (where the Americans had seen Black-headed Canary), as wanted to find a restaurant on the way. Stopped at a gorge, reputedly site for spectacular waterfall - dry - and Black-headed Canary - absent; then at Mitchell's Pass where Jackal Buzzard and Cape Rock-Thrush were evident. No restaurant till Clanwilliam but managed to eat there, even though it was 20.45 on a Sunday. Reached Clanwilliam Dam Resort at 22.50 and camped, as a chalet costed 140Rs.

Monday 21st Nov          Broke camp at 05.00 and drove to Kransvlei Poort, a canyon on the other side of the dam: stellar views of Protea Canary and Black Eagle, at last. Returned to Clanwilliam at 07.00 and drove to the top of the first pass on the Calvinia dirt road: fine scenery but no Black-headed Canary. Left at 09.00 for Lambert's Bay, arriving at 10.00: spectacular gannetry with multi-film photo opportunities of gannets and all 3 marine cormorant species. Brunch at 11.00 and then south to Saldanha, arriving at the island at 13.30. Refused permission to visit the seabird colony and failed to find Southern Grey Tit. Continued to West Coast National Park south of Langebaan: many waders at the first hide, Black and African Marsh Harriers over the fynbos. Walked to the coastal dunes, with difficulty, and sea-watched: a few White-chinned and Giant Petrels, and skuas but no whales. Failed to call out Flufftail or Grey Tit but did see Layard's Titbabbler. Reached the Endicotts' at 20.00 after an hour's drive.

Tuesday 22nd Nov        Sandvlei marsh, Lakeside, from 05.15 to 06.00, looking for Burchell's Coucal - heard only. Gripping view of Giant Kingfisher and Mark saw Half-collared Kingfisher briefly in flight. Seawatch at Kommetjie from 06.20 to 08.10 was rewarding, with good numbers of petrels, shearwaters and gannets, although no albatrosses or rarities. After a final look for the kingfisher at Sandvlei, packed up and bade farewell to Jim and Cas, before catching the 10.45 flight, arriving at Windhoek at 14.10.

Taken by pre-arranged taxi to Camping Car Hire (N$60) and on the road in the same VW by 15.30; very hot - 35 C in the shade. Rang Neils in Swakopmund to arrange a pelagic, as we had time to spare.  

Took the main road to Swakopmund via Okahandja - Martial Eagle on tele pole after c.50km. Stopped for larks, eventually finding party of Gray's after 250km, where the vegetation was disappearing; on opposite side of road, spotted pair of Burchell's Courser! Reached  Swakopmund at 19.00 and rented a municipal luxury 4-bed bungalow for N$117  - more basic ones were available for N$76. Ate at Neils' restaurant at Long Beach.

Wednesday 23rd Nov    Drove to Rooiport at 06.00 and saw a smart Dune Lark in 5 mins. Walked to the high dunes but only other lark sighting was one by Mark. Met Neils, his assistant and the other passengers, two South African girls, at 08.30 at Walvis Bay, then set off on the pelagic in fairly calm conditions. A pleasant trip, with close views of White-chinned and Wilson's Petrels, Sooty Shearwater, Pom and Arctic Skuas, Damara Tern and many commoner seabirds and waders, 1000s of flamingoes, plus Fur Seals, Bottlenose and the endemic Heaviside's Dolphins. Total cost for the 3 of us, including lunch, oysters and bubbly, was 100 pounds. Returned at 15.30 and proceeded to  the 'Birdpark' where waterbirds were plentiful and included Cape Teal. Walvis Bay saltpans were lifeless but Swapomund pools and saltpans held many waders. Dinner of barbequed fish (caught from the boat) at Neils'.

Thursday 24th Nov       Two hour drive east to Usakos, stopping for larks again, but no Gray's, or Burchell's Courser, this time. Took the dirt road north, intending to visit Ameib Ranch but stopped after 7km at the first wooded dry riverbed, at 09.00. The fine mature trees held the target Violet Woodhoopoe, along with Pied Babbler, Puffback and Pearl-spotted Owl; also looked a good site for Verreaux's Eagle Owl. After brunch at Usakos, drove to Waterberg NP, arriving at 13.30 - office siesta-time. At 14.00 booked a new 3-bed bungalow for N$90 and a game-drive for N$25 each. The drive, in a large open jeep, lasted from 15.00 to 18.30 and visited hides at two small waterholes on the plateau. The initial drive to the plateau was excellent for raptors, with Cape Vulture and Black, Wahlberg's and African Hawk Eagles, but little was seen during the rest of the trip, not even Coquoi Francolin which was supposed to be common. Ended the day at the cliffs, looking for Freckled Nightjar; none there but one heard lower down, finally seen once in flight near our bungalow.

Friday 25th Nov            Walked up onto the plateau at dawn and saw Black Eagle, Bradfield's Hornbill, Rockrunner and  Ruepell's Parrot, but no Yellow-throated Sandgrouse. The lower woodland was unproductive, so had a swim then packed for the last time and left at 10.30. Drove to Windhoek, with a few stops, did a little shopping and reached Avis Dam at 16.00 - still very hot. Lots of waterbirds and waders, as before; concentrated on pipits, identifying Long-billed and Buffy amongst the Grassveld. Left at 17.30 and returned the car. Taxi to the airport for night flight home. So ended a relatively easy and highly rewarding trip.

Jon Hornbuckle    35 Grove Road, Sheffield  S7 2GY

SYSTEMATIC LIST OF BIRDS

Names and sequence follow Clements, JF (1991) Birds of the World: A Checklist, with South African names in brackets.

Numbers quoted are mostly estimates. Asterisks indicate new sp. for JH.

Ostrich  Struthio camelus       

Up to 15 a day in Etosha NP and a scattering of feral birds elsewhere. 

Little Grebe  Tachybaptus ruficollis     

Common on wetlands throughout.

Great Crested Grebe  Podiceps cristatus         

6 at Rondevlei NR and 4 at De Hoop.

Black-necked Grebe  Podiceps nigricollis       

3 at Avis Dam and 50 at Walvis Bay Birdpark.

*Jackass Penguin  Spheniscus demersus       

200+ at Simon's Town, 30 at Betty's Bay and Lambert's Bay, and 3 on the Walvis Bay pelagic.

*Giant Petrel sp. Macronectes halli / giganteus

10 macronectes at Kommetjie on 22nd; 2 seen fairly clearly appeared to be Hall's(Northern) M.halli. the other option being Antarctic(Southern) M.giganteus.

White-chinned Petrel  Procellaria aequinoctialis         

5 at West Coast NP, 50 at Kommetjie and 10 on the Walvis Bay pelagic.

Cory's Shearwater  Calonectris diomedea       

2 at Kommetjie.

Sooty Shearwater  Puffinus griseus    

50 at Kommetjie and 5 at Walvis Bay.

Wilson's Storm-Petrel  Oceanites oceanicus   

6 on the Walvis Bay pelagic.

*Cape Gannet  Morus capensis

5 at West Coast NP, 1000s at Lambert's Bay, 100s at Kommetjie and 10 on the pelagic.

Long-tailed(Reed) Cormorant  Phalacrocorax africanus           

A few on most inland waters, with 10+ on the Okavango and more at Rondevlei.

*Crowned Cormorant  Phalacrocorax coronatus          

10 at Kommetjie, 20 at Saldanha Is and Lambert's Bay, and 15 on the pelagic.

*Bank Cormorant  Phalacrocorax neglectus    

50+ at Saldanha Is and Lambert's Bay and 3 on the pelagic.

Great Cormorant  Phalacrocorax carbo           

Up to 30 at Daan Viljoen GR and small numbers on other inland waters and at the coast.

*Cape Cormorant  Phalacrocorax capensis      

Abundant on the coast and ocean.

African Darter  Anhinga rufa    

10+ on the Okavango at Shakawe.

Great White Pelican  Pelecanus onocrotalus   

15 at Rondevlei, several around the Cape and 25+ at Walvis Bay.

Fulvous Whistling-Duck  Dendrocygna bicolor

1 at Avis Dam on both dates.

White-faced Whistling-Duck  Dendrocygna viduata      

15 on the Okavango at Shakawe. 50+ Dendrocygna flew in to Rundu SF on 9th at dusk.

Maccoa Duck  Oxyura maccoa 

2 at Daan Viljoen GR, 1 at De Hoop and 30 at Swakopmund.

Egyptian Goose  Alopochen aegyptiacus        

Very common at the Cape and Avis Dam, but elsewhere in Namibia only 4 at Daan Viljoen, 3 at Rundu and 2 at Etosha.

*South African Shelduck  Tadorna cana          

4 at Daan Viljoen, 20 at Avis Dam, and 2 West Coast NP.

Spur-winged Goose  Plectropterus gambensis

Around 100 on the Okavango at Shakawe and 3 flew over Popa Falls.

Comb(Knob-billed) Duck  Sarkidiornis melanotos       

10 on the Okavango, Shakawe.

*African Pygmy-goose  Nettapus auritus         

Only record was of 2 at Mahango.

*Cape Teal  Anas capensis      

Only recorded at Swakopmund Birdpark - 4 pairs.

Yellow-billed Duck  Anas undulata      

20 at De Hoop, 2 at Vrolijkheid, a few at West Coast NP and 1 at Sandvlei, Cape Town.

Hottentot Teal  Anas hottentota           

1 at Rundu SF and 5 at Avis Dam.

Red-billed Teal  Anas erythrorhyncha  

Common on inland waters throughout.

*Cape Shoveler  Anas smithii  

2 at Avis Dam and Swakopmund, common at De Hoop and Vrolijkheid, 6 at Rondevlei and 1 at Sandvlei.

Southern Pochard  Netta erythrophthalma       

1 at Rundu SF, 5 at De Hoop and 50 at Vrolijkheid and Lambert's Bay.

Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus ruber        

Abundant on the west coast.

Lesser Flamingo  Phoenicopterus minor        

Abundant on the west coast and 10 at Namutoni, Etosha.

Black Heron(Egret)  Egretta ardesiaca 

1 at Rundu.

Little Egret  Egretta garzetta    

Only 2 singles were identified, at Rundu and Mahango. All the egrets except Cattle were probably under-recorded. 

Intermediate Egret  Egretta intermedia

1 at Mahango

Grey Heron  Ardea cinerea      

Up to 3 daily in Namibia, except around Etosha, and up to 5 daily in the Cape excluding the Karoo.

Black-headed Heron  Ardea melanocephala     

2 at Avis Dam and Swakopmund and up to 3 daily in the Cape except the Karoo.

Goliath Heron  Ardea goliath   

3 at both Shakawe and Mahango.

Purple Heron  Ardea purpurea 

Singles at Mahango, Rundu and Sandvlei, and 2 at Rondevlei.

Great Egret  Casmerodius albus          

2 at Mahango.

Cattle Egret  Bubulcus ibis      

Up to 25 daily in the Caprivi Strip but very few in Etosha and only 2 elsewhere in Namibia; common in the Cape excluding the Karoo.

Squacco Heron  Ardeola ralloides       

2 at Shakawe, 5 at Mahango and 1 at Rundu.

*Rufous-bellied Heron  Ardeola rufiventris      

2 at Vungu Vungu Dairy, Rundu, 1 at Shakawe and Mahango, and 2 at Rundu SF on 10th.

Green Heron  Butorides virescens       

Up to 5 daily on the Okavango.

Black-crowned Night-Heron  Nycticorax nycticorax      

1 or 2 daily at Daan Viljoen.

*White-backed Night-Heron  Nycticorax leuconotus     

At least 1 at Shakawe Lodge both nights.

Little Bittern  Ixobrychus minutus       

1 at Rundu on 9th.

Hamerkop  Scopus umbretta   

Up to 3 daily at Daan Viljoen, up to 7 on the Okavango and a pair nest-building at Waterberg.

Glossy Ibis  Plegadis falcinellus         

2 at Rondevlei and De Hoop.

Hadada Ibis  Bostrychia hagedash      

Singles at Shakawe and Grootvadersbosch.

Sacred Ibis  Threskiornis aethiopicus 

Common in the Cape.

African Spoonbill  Platalea alba          

Singles at Avis Dam and West Coast NP, 5 at Rondevlei, and 10 at de Hoop and Ceres.

Yellow-billed Stork  Mycteria ibis        

6 at Rundu and 5 at Mahango.

African Openbill  Anastomus lamelligerus      

15+ on the Okavango, Shakawe.

White Stork  Ciconia ciconia   

20-25 on farmland near Swellendam on 18th and 19th.

Marabou Stork  Leptoptilos crumeniferus       

Singles over the Okavango on 6th and 7th, 10 at Mahango, and 3 at Etosha on 11th.

*African Cuckoo-Falcon Avecida cuculoides   

An excellent sighting of an adult with a juv at Popa Falls.

European Honey-Buzzard  Pernis apivorus     

An individual of this rare migrant in flight at Harold Porter BG.

Black-shouldered Kite  Elanus caeruleus        

Up to 5 most days in Namibia and up to 20 daily in the Cape.

Black Kite  Milvis migrans

All the kites seen clearly were of the resident race parasiticus which Sinclair et al(1993) split as a separate species Yellow-billed Kite M. parasitus. Surprisingly scarce, mainly seen in the Okavango region of Namibia and in the Cape, with 10 on 6th, 7th and 21st but no more than 5 on other dates.   

African Fish-Eagle  Haliaeetus vocifer 

At least 10 along the Okavango at Shakawe and Mahango, 3 at Bontebok and 2 at Swellendam camp site.

Hooded Vulture  Necrosyrtes monachus         

2 at Shakawe Lodge.  

White-backed Vulture  Gyps africanus 

3 over Daan Viljoen on 3rd, 6 near Rundu on 5th, 10+ at Shakawe, Mahango and eastern Etosha, and 2 in Etosha on 12th and near Windhoek airport on 25th.

*Cape Griffon  Gyps coprotheres         

A lucky sighting of a single adult in flight at Waterberg.

Lappet-faced Vulture  Torgos tracheliotus       

3 over Daan Viljoen on 2nd and 1 on 3rd, 2 near Okonjima, 5 at Mahango and up to 5 daily at Etosha.

White-headed Vulture  Trigonoceps occipitalis           

2 at Shakawe on 7th was the only record.

Black-chested Snake-Eagle  Circaetus pectoralis         

Singles only at Daan Viljoen on 1st and Etosha on 10th, but 3 or 4 en route in the Khorixas/Omaruru region on 14-15th; 1 near Betty's Bay was the only Cape record, and 1 between Windhoek and Swakopmund. 

Brown Snake-Eagle  Circaetus cinereus          

Singles at Popa Falls and eastern Etosha.

*(Western) Banded Snake-Eagle  Circaetus cinerascens          

A fine sighting at Mahango and probably heard calling at Shakawe Lodge.

Bateleur  Terathopius ecaudatus         

2 over Daan Viljoen on 3rd, singles en route on 5-6th, 10+ at Mahango, 1 at Popa Falls and 2 en route on 19th.

African Marsh-Harrier  Circus ranivorus          

4 around Rundu, singles at Shakawe and 2 at West Coast NP.

*Black Harrier  Circus maurus 

1 at De Hoop and 4 at West Coast NP.

Dark Chanting-Goshawk  Melierax metabates  

Only 1 positively identifiied, near Rundu.

*Pale Chanting-Goshawk  Melierax canorus    

1 at Daan Viljoen, 10+ between Windhoek and Okonjima, up to 6 daily in Etosha, 4 daily on travels in western Namibia, and a few en route in the Cape. The 5 Melierax between Okonjima and Rundu may have included M.metabates.

Gabar Goshawk  Melierax gabar          

1 at Rundu, a dark morph at Etosha on 10th, a pair with 3 large young in the nest at Namutoni Camp, and singles near Halali and at Hobatere.

African Goshawk  Accipiter tachiro     

1 in the riparian forest at Bontebok.

Shikra  Accipiter badius          

Singles at Daan Viljoen, Shakawe and Etosha.

Little Sparrowhawk  Accipiter minullus           

Singles at Rundu, Etosha and Grootvadersbosch.

*Ovampo Sparrowhawk  Accipiter ovampensis           

2 at Shakawe Lodge and singles at Rundu and Hobatere.

Common(Steppe) Buzzard  Buteo buteo          

Only 1 or 2 daily in the Okavango/Etosha region but common inland in the Cape, with 75+ noted on 18th. 

Mountain(Forest) Buzzard  Buteo oreophilus 

1 or 2 at Grootvadersbosch.

Augur Buzzard  Buteo augur   

1 near Windhoek on 15th was the only record.

*Jackal Buzzard  Buteo rufofuscus      

Singles at Bontebok and West Coast NP, and 2 at De Hoop and Mitchell's Pass.

Tawny Eagle  Aquila rapax      

3 at Mahango, singles in Etosha, 3 around Hobatere, 2 from Omaruru - Windhoek, and singles at Potberg and Waterberg.

Steppe Eagle  Aquila nipalensis          

2 between Rundu and Shakawe and singles at Mahango and Waterberg - Windhoek.

Wahlberg's Eagle  Aquila wahlbergi    

Singles between Rundu and Popa Falls and at Waterberg.

Verreaux's(Black) Eagle  Aquila verreauxii      

Singles above Simon's Town and at the pass above Clanwilliam on 21st, 2 at Kransvlie Poort, 5 at Waterberg on 24th and a pair above the Camp there on 25th.

African Hawk-Eagle  Hieraaetus spilogaster     

Singles at Hobatere and Waterberg.

Booted Eagle  Hieraaetus pennatus     

Singles between Rundu and Popa Falls and Calvinia to Clanwilliam (at the dry waterfall).

Martial Eagle  Polemaetus bellicosus  

Singles en route to Rundu, Brandvlei and Swakopmund.

Secretary-bird  Sagittarius serpentarius          

1 near Rundu on 5th and 3 in Etosha on 12th.

*Pygmy Falcon  Polihierax semitorquatus       

A pair at a Social Weaver colony at Leeubron, Etosha.

Lesser Kestrel  Falco naumanni          

Only 2 singles in Namibia, at Mahango and near Windhoek, but numerous in the Cape, especially between Swellendam and De Hoop where c.50 were noted.

Eurasian Kestrel  Falco tinnunculus    

Up to 5 daily in Namibia away from the Okavango/Etosha region where absent, and a few recorded in the Cape.

Greater Kestrel  Falco rupicoloides     

Only recorded in Etosha, with a max. of 8 on 12th, and near Windhoek - 1 on 22nd.

Red-necked Falcon  Falco chicquera   

A pair at Namutoni Camp and 1 near Okaukuejo, Etosha.

Red-footed Falcon  Falco vespertinus 

A party of 6 across the Okavango in Angola, near Rundu on 6th.

Eurasian Hobby  Falco subbuteo        

Singles at Popa Falls and De Hoop.

African Hobby  Falco cuvieri               

2 at Rundu on 6th.

Lanner Falcon  Falco biarmicus          

Singles at Shakawe, Etosha and near Ceres, a pair at Potberg and 3 at Waterberg.

Peregrine Falcon  Falco peregrinus    

1 near Kommetjie on 17th.

Helmeted Guineafowl  Numida meleagris        

Common throughout except in the Okavango region and at the coast where it was absent.

*Grey-winged Francolin  Francolinus africanus           

2 at Bontebok and 10 near Katbakkies.

Red-winged Francolin  Francolinus levaillantii

15 between Swellendam and De Hoop.

*Orange River Francolin  Francolinus levaillantoides  

16 at Daan Viljoen on 2nd, 4 on 15th and heard there on 16th.

Crested Francolin Francolinus sephaena        

5 in the Shakawe/Mahango area.

*Hartlaub's Francolin  Francolinus hartlaubi   

4 at Hobatere, 8 at Omaruru and heard at Waterberg.

*Cape Francolin  Francolinus capensis           

Fairly common throughout the Cape.

*Red-billed Francolin  Francolinus adspersus 

Common throughout Namibia except the north where only a few were seen.

*Swainson's Spurfowl(Francolin) Francolinus swainsonii 

4 at Mahango.

*Small(Kurrichane) Buttonquail  Turnix sylvatica        

1 flushed from grassland at Avis Dam.

Black Crake  Amaurornis flavirostra    

Only recorded along the Okavango, with a max of 5 at Rundu SF.

Purple Swamphen(Gallinule)  Porphyrio porphyrio     

Singles at Rundu and Sandvlei and 2 on the Okavango boat trip.

Moorhen  Gallinula chloropus 

A few on waters throughout.

Red-knobbed Coot  Fulica cristata       

Common at Daan Viljoen, Swapokmund and waters in the Cape, but only 1, at Rundu SF, in northern Namibia.

*African Finfoot Podica senegalensis  

Unexpected sightings of 1 at Popa Falls on 10th and 11th.

*Wattled Crane  Grus carunculatus      

A pair with 1 juv at Mahango.

*Blue Crane  Grus paradisea   

15 on Andoni plains, Etosha on 10th, 15 en route to Swellendam, 20 near De Hoop, 1 near Grootvadersbosch and 2 near Ceres.

*Stanley Bustard  Neotis denhami       

2 at Bontebok and 3 at De Hoop.

*Ludwig's Bustard  Neotis ludwigii      

Singles at Okendeka, Etosha and near Omaruru, and 2 between Calvinia and Brandvlei.

Kori Bustard  Ardeotis kori      

25 between Namutoni and Halali and 10+ from Halali to Okaukuejo, Etosha.

*Red-crested Bustard(Korhaan)  Eupodotis ruficrista   

1 displaying at Mahango, several in Etosha with a max of 8 on 11th, and 2 near Hobatere.

*White-quilled Bustard(Northern Black Korhaan) Eupodotis afraoides

Daily at Etosha with a max of 20 on 12th, 2 near Hobatere, 10 around Karibib and 2 near Usakos. 

*Black Bustard(Southern Black Korhaan)  Eupodotis afra        

2 at De Hoop and a juv en route to Swellendam, 2 north of Ceres and 2 at West Coast NP.

*Rueppell's Bustard  Eupodotis rueppellii       

5 between Khorixas and Omararu and 2 from Clanwilliam to Langebaan.

*Karoo Bustard  Eupodotis vigorsii     

2 between Swellendam and De Hoop and near Calvinia.

African Jacana  Actophilornis africanus          

Common by the Okavango.

*Lesser Jacana  Microparra capensis  

A max of 5 at Rundu SF on 9th, and 4 at Mahango.

Greater Painted-snipe  Rostratula benghalensis          

Singles at Rundu on 6th and 9th, and at Shakawe.

*African(Ethiopian) Snipe  Gallinago nigripennis        

2 at Rundu on 6th, 1 on 9th and 1 at Shakawe.

Bar-tailed Godwit  Limosa lapponica   

30 at West Coast NP and considerably more in Walvis Bay.

Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus          

3 at Rondevlei, 20 at West Coast NP and numerous in Walvis Bay.

Eurasian Curlew  Numenius arquata   

Only 2, in Walvis Bay.

Marsh Sandpiper  Tringa stagnatilis    

2 at Rundu SF, 1 at Namutoni, 5 at Avis Dam and 1 at West Coast NP.

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia           

1 or 2 at Daan Viljoen, Rundu, Shakawe, Namutoni and West Coast NP, and 10+ at Swakopmund.

Green Sandpiper  Tringa ochropus     

2 at Rundu.

Wood Sandpiper  Tringa glareola        

20+ at Rundu and Avis Dam and a few elsewhere in Namibia but none in the Cape.

Common Sandpiper  Tringa hypoleucos         

A few throughout with a max of 10 at Shakawe and Avis Dam.

Ruddy Turnstone  Arenaria interpres   

2 at Namutoni on 11th, 8 at West Coast NP and numerous at Walvis Bay.

Red Knot  Calidris canutus      

20 at West Coast NP.

Sanderling  Calidris alba         

20 at West Coast NP and Walvis Bay.

Little Stint  Calidris minuta     

10+ at Rundu and Avis Dam, 5 at Namutoni, 1 at West Coast NP and numerous at Swakopmund.

Curlew Sandpiper  Calidris ferruginea 

2 at Rundu, 50+ at Avis Dam and West Coast NP, and 200+ at Walvis Bay/Swakopmund.

Ruff  Philomachus pugnax      

20 at Rundu, 5 at Namutoni, and 10 at Avis Dam and Swakopmund.

Water Thick-knee(Dikkop)  Burhinus vermiculatus       

15+ at Shakawe and 2 at Mahango.

*Spotted Thick-knee(Dikkop)  Burhinus capensis        

Up to 6 daily in Etosha, 4 at Hobatere and 1 or 2 on 4 days in the Cape.

*African Oystercatcher  Haematopus moquini 

3 at Kommetjie, 4 at Saldanha Is and 10+ at Walvis Bay.

Black-winged Stilt  Himantopus himantopus   

4 at Rundu, 3 at Namutoni, 12+ at Avis Dam, 10 at Lambert's Bay and 6 at Swakopmund.

Pied Avocet  Recurvirostra avosetta    

10 at Avis Dam, 2 at West Coast NP and 50 at Walvis Bay/Swakopmund.

*Double-banded Courser  Rhinoptilus africanus          

Daily at Etosha with a max of 10 plus 2 juvs on 11th, and a few in northwest Namibia.

*Burchell's Courser  Cursorius rufus   

2 by the main road to Swakopmund 250km from Windhoek.

Temminck's Courser  Cursorius temminckii    

Up to 8 daily at Rundu.

Collared Pratincole  Glareola pratincola          

20+ at Rundu, 15 at Shakawe and 1 stationary pratincole sp. at Namutoni water-hole.

Rock Pratincole  Glareola nuchalis     

7 at Popa Falls.

Grey Plover  Pluvialis squatarola        

50+ at West Coast NP and Walvis Bay/Swakopmund.

Ringed Plover  Charadrius hiaticula    

1 at Rundu, 2 at West Coast NP and 3 at Swakopmund.

Kittlitz's Plover  Charadrius pecuarius

3 at Rundu, 2 pairs at Etosha and 20 in the Walvis Bay/Swakopmund area.

Three-banded Plover  Charadrius tricollaris    

Common in small numbers throughout.

Chestnut-banded Plover  Charadrius pallidus 

100 on Andoni plains, 1 at Namutoni and 50 at Swakopmund saltpans.

*White-fronted Plover  Charadrius marginatus 

2 at Kommetjie, 20 at West Coast NP and numerous at Walvis Bay/Swakopmund.

*Caspian Plover  Charadrius asiaticus 

5 at Rundu and flocks of 65 and 25+ near Namutoni.

Long-toed Lapwing  Vanellus crassirostris     

4 at Mahango.

Blacksmith Plover  Vanellus armatus  

Common in small numbers throughout, with an exceptional 70+ at Namutoni on 11th and Avis Dam on 25th.

Wattled Lapwing  Vanellus senegallus

2 at Mahango.

Crowned Lapwing  Vanellus coronatus           

Small numbers throughout, with a max of 10+ on 17th.

Kelp Gull  Larus dominicanus 

Abundant on the coast.

Gray-headed Gull  Larus cirrocephalus           

2 at Walvis Bay were the only ones identified.

*Hartlaub's Gull  Larus hartlaubii        

Abundant on and near the coast.

Sabine's Gull  Xema sabini     

1 on the Walvis Bay pelagic.

Whiskered Tern  Chlidonias hybridus 

1 at Shakawe, 15 at Rondevlei and 50+ at De Hoop.

White-winged Tern  Chlidonias leucopterus    

25+ at Rundu, 3 at Shakawe and 2 at Namutoni.

Black Tern  Chlidonias niger   

Only recorded on the Namibian coast where there were around 200.

Caspian Tern  Sterna caspia    

Singles at Rondevlei, De Hoop and West Coast NP.

Great Crested-(Swift)Tern  Sterna bergii          

20 on the beach near Sandvlei, 100 at Kommetjie, 2 at West Coast NP and numerous in Walvis Bay.

Sandwich Tern  Sterna sandvicensis   

Common on the Cape coast.

Common Tern  Sterna hirundo

Common on the Cape coast.

*Damara Tern  Sterna balaenarum       

20 on the Walvis Bay pelagic.

Little Tern  Sterna albifrons     

5 at Walvis bay.

*Southern(Subantarctic) Skua  Catharacta antarctica   

Singles during sea-watches at West Coast NP and Kommetjie.

Pomarine Skua  Stercorarius pomarinus         

2 at Kommetjie, 50 on the pelagic and 1 at Swakopmund saltpans.

Arctic Skua  Stercorarius parasiticus  

3 at Kommetjie on 17th and 10 on 22nd, 5 at West Coast NP and 5 on the pelagic.

*African Skimmer  Rhynchops flavirostris       

20 along the Okavango at Shakawe and 2 at Mahango.

*Namaqua Sandgrouse  Pterocles namaqua    

100+ at Andoni plains and at dawn at Okaukuejo, and 15 at Karibib.

*Double-banded Sandgrouse  Pterocles bicinctus       

2 at Mahango, 10 at Namutoni at dawn, 300 at Okaukuejo at night and 100 at dawn.

*Burchell's Sandgrouse  Pterocles burchelli   

10 at Okonjima.

Feral Pigeon  Columba livia    

Present around towns.

Speckled(Rock) Pigeon  Columba guinea        

10 at Daan Viljoen and several in rocky northwest Namibia, Swellendam and the Karoo.

African(Rameron) Pigeon  Columba arquatrix 

2 at Grootvadersbosch and 4 at Sandvlei.

Laughing Dove  Streptopelia senegalensis      

Common throughout.

Ring-necked(Cape Turtle) Dove  Streptopelia capicola 

Common throughout.

Red-eyed Dove  Streptopelia semitorquata      

Common in the Popa Falls - Shakawe area only.

Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove  Turtur chalcospilos       

Fairly common at Shakawe and Mahango, 10 near Rundu on 10th and 3 at Waterberg.

Namaqua Dove Oena capensis

Common in the Okavango and Etosha region, and small numbers elsewhere in Namibia and the Cape.

African Green-Pigeon Treron calva      

Up to 10 daily in the Shakawe/Mahango area.

Meyer's Parrot  Poicephalus meyeri    

6 at Shakawe on 7th and 2 on 9th, and 1 at Mahango.

*Rueppell's Parrot  Poicephalus rueppellii      

One 135km north of Windhoek, 5 at Hobatere and 3 or 4 at Waterberg.

*Rosy-faced Lovebird  Agapornis roseicollis   

Fairly common from Okonjima to Rundu, with 15 on 6th and 40 at Waterberg, but only 2 at Etosha.

Speckled Mousebird  Colius striatus   

Fairly widespread in small numbers in the Cape, with a max of 20 on 19th.

*White-backed Mousebird  Colius colius         

At least 2 at Okonjima.

*Red-faced Mousebird  Urocolius indicus        

2 at Windhoek on 4th and five 11km west of Popa Falls.

*Grey Go-away-bird(Lourie)  Corythaixoides concolor 

Fairly common in woodland throughout Namibia and Botswana.

Pied(Jacobin) Cuckoo  Oxylophus jacobinus  

Singles at Rundu - SF and Kaisosi Lodge - and at Waterberg.

*Levaillant's(Striped) Cuckoo  Oxylophus levaillantii   

Singles at Popa Falls and Hobatere.

*Black Cuckoo  Cuculus clamosus      

Singles at Ndhovu Lodge, near Mahango, and between Popa Falls and Rundu.

African Cuckoo  Cuculus gularis         

Singles at Rundu, Canoe Lodge near Popa Falls, Halali Camp and Usakos.

Klaas' Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx klaas    

Singles at Grootvadersbosch and c.20km east of Clanwilliam.

Dideric Cuckoo  Chrysococcyx caprius           

Singles at Rundu on 6th and 9th, with 2 on 10th, and heard at Usakos.

*Coppery-tailed Coucal  Centropus cupreicaudus        

Up to 5 at Rundu, 1 at Shakawe and 2 at Mahango.

Senegal Coucal  Centropus senegalensis        

2 at Popa Falls.

White-browed Coucal  Centropus superciliosus          

1 at Shakawe Lodge.

*Burchell's Coucal  Centropus burchelli          

Heard at Sandvlei.

Barn Owl  Tyto alba     

At least 1 hunting at the floodlit waterhole at Okaukeujo, and heard at Halali, Etosha.

African Scops-Owl  Otus senegalensis

1 roosting outside the restaurant at Halali.

White-faced Scops-Owl  Otus leucotis 

1 on the night-drive at Hobatere.

Spotted Eagle-Owl  Bubo africanus     

Singles at Okonjima, Okendeka, Okaukeujo and Cape Town.

*Verreaux's(Giant) Eagle-Owl  Bubo lacteus    

An adult and fledgling at Hobatere.

*Pel's Fishing-Owl  Scotopelia peli     

Superb daytime sightings of singles at Shakawe Lodge and Mahango.

*African Wood-Owl  Strix woodfordii   

1 roosting at Shakawe Lodge.

Pearl-spotted Owlet  Glaucidium perlatum      

Singles at Daan Viljoen, Okonjima, Namutoni, Hobatere, Usakos and Waterberg.

*African Barred Owlet(Barred Owl)  Glaucidium capense         

1 taped in at Shakawe Lodge.

Marsh Owl  Asio capensis       

2 at Rundu at dusk and dawn.

*Rufous-cheeked Nightjar  Caprimulgus rufigena        

1 at Okonjima, 2 at Namutoni and 5 at Okaukeujo. A nightjar at Okonjima and 3 at Hobatere were either this sp. or the next.

*Fiery-necked Nightjar  Caprimulgus pectoralis           

Heard at Popa Falls and Swellendam campsite, and a nightjar flying at night at Shakawe Lodge was probably this species.

*Freckled Nightjar  Caprimulgus tristigma       

1 at Waterberg chalets and heard briefly at Omaruru at dawn.

*Square-tailed(Mozambique) Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii        

1 at Vungu Vungu Dairy, Rundu and heard at the golf-course.

African Palm-Swift  Cypsiurus parvus 

Widespread but only seen twice in the Cape and no more than 5 a day except at Avis Dam where there may have been as many as 20.

Alpine Swift  Tachymarptis melba       

Singles at Daan Viljoen on 2nd and 15th and at Hobatere, 20+ near Calvinia and 3 near Lambert's Bay.

Common Swift  Apus apus      

Occasional large flocks in Namibia, most notably 50 at Rundu and c.1000 at Etosha on 11th.

African(Black) Swift  Apus barbatus    

Numerous in the Cape.

*Bradfield's Swift  Apus bradfieldi       

1 or 2 at Daan Viljoen and Windhoek airport, 10+ at Hobatere and 4 at Avis Dam on 15th only.

Little Swift  Apus affinis          

Common in central Namibia and a few in the Cape.

White-rumped Swift  Apus caffer         

Widespread in small numbers, often with Little Swifts.    

Half-collared Kingfisher  Alcedo semitorquata 

1 at Sandvlei (MW)

Malachite Kingfisher  Alcedo cristata  

2 at Rundu and Shakawe, and singles at Popa Falls and Rondevlei. [A 'race' with white underparts has been seen at Rundu SF, which I Sinclair believes may be a new sp., breeding in Angola.]

Grey-headed Kingfisher  Halcyon leucocephala           

2 at Kaisosi Lodge, Rundu.

Woodland Kingfisher  Halcyon senegalensis   

2 at Shakawe Lodge and singles at Mahango and between Rundu and Grootfontein.

Giant Kingfisher  Megaceryle maxima   

3 at Shakawe and singles at Popa Falls, Bontebok and Sandvlei.

Pied Kingfisher  Ceryle rudis  

Up to 5 daily in the Okavango region, 4 at Rondevlei and West Coast NP, and 2 at Bontebok and Sandvlei. 

White-fronted Bee-eater  Merops bullockoides 

Common at Shakawe Lodge, although much less numerous than the Carmines.

Little Bee-eater  Merops pusillus         

A few between Rundu and Popa Falls, and quite common at Shakawe and Mahango.

Swallow-tailed Bee-eater  Merops hirundineus

Widespread and fairly common in Namibia except the Okavango region where very few were recorded.

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater  Merops persicus       

5 at Shakawe, 8 near Rundu on 9th and 15 at Rundu on 10th.

Madagascar(Olive) Bee-eater  Merops superciliosus    

5 at Hobatere.

European Bee-eater  Merops apiaster  

A few en route to and from Rundu and in the Cape with a max of 15 at West Coast NP.

*Southern Carmine Bee-eater  Merops nubicoides       

Only in Botswana where numerous along the Okavango, recently arrived at the breeding colonies - the total seen must have approached 500.

Lilac-breasted Roller  Coracias caudata           

Up to 5 daily on travels in northern Namibia excluding Etosha.

Rufous-crowned(Purple) Roller  Coracias noevia         

Widespread in small numbers throughout Namibia.

Broad-billed Roller  Eurystomus glaucurus     

3 at Shakawe Lodge, recently arrived.

African Hoopoe  Upupa africana 

Widespread in small numbers throughout.

Green(Red-billed) Woodhoopoe  Phoeniculus purpureus        

Up to 10 daily in the Okavango region and 6 at Waterberg.

Violet Woodhoopoe  Phoeniculus damarensis

Four 7km north of Usakos.

Common(Greater) Scimitar-bill  Rhinopomastus cyanomelas  

Up to 6 daily at Daan Viljoen, 2-4 from Popa Falls to Rundu, and 2 at Hobatere.

*Monteiro's Hornbill  Tockus monteiri 

Up to 4 daily at Daan Viljoen, 6 between Windhoek and Okonjima, 5 at Hobatere and 10+ from Hobatere to Khorixas.

Red-billed Hornbill  Tockus erythrorhynchus  

10 from Windhoek to Okonjima, and Etosha to Hobatere, 2 at Okonjima and 1 in Etosha.

*Southern Yellow-billed Hornbill  Tockus leucomelas 

Common in Etosha with up to 20 daily, and small numbers elsewhere in Namibia excluding Popa Falls and the coast.      

*Bradfield's Hornbill  Tockus bradfieldi           

2 at Mahango NP and 4 at Waterberg.

African Grey Hornbill  Tockus nasutus

Common in Etosha with up to 20 daily, and small numbers elsewhere in Namibia.

*Pied Barbet  Tricholaema leucomelas

Up to 4 daily at Daan Viljoen, singles at Okonjima, Hobatere and Harold Porter BG, and up to 5 daily in Etosha.

Black-collared Barbet  Lybius torquatus          

Singles at Shakawe Lodge and Popa Falls, and 3 at Mahango NP.

Crested Barbet Tachyphonus vaillantii

2 at Shakawe Lodge.

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird  Pogoniulus chrysoconus 

1 heard at Shakawe Lodge.

Greater Honeyguide  Indicator indicator          

At least 2 at Shakawe Lodge.

*Green-backed(Slender-billed) Honeyguide  Prodotiscus zambesiae   

1 at Shakawe Lodge, feeding in the same tree as the Greater Honeyguides.

Golden-tailed Woodpecker  Campethera abingoni

Singles at Daan Viljoen, 141km north of Windhoek and Hobatere, 5 at Shakawe and 2 at Mahango, Rundu and Grootvadersbosch.

*Knysna Woodpecker  Campethera notata       

A pair at Grootvadersbosch.

*Ground Woodpecker  Geocolaptes olivaceus 

3 at Sir Lowry's Pass and 2 at Harold Porter BG.

Cardinal Woodpecker  Dendropicos fuscescens          

2 at Daan Viljoen, Shakawe and Mahango, 8 between Rundu and Shakawe and 1 near Usakos.

Bearded Woodpecker  Dendropicos namaquus           

1 at Daan Viljoen.

Olive Woodpecker  Dendropicos griseocephalus        

2 pairs at Grootvadersbosch.

*African Crested-(Blue-mantled)Flycatcher  Trochocercus cyanomelas

Only 1 at Grootvadersbosch.

African Paradise-Flycatcher  Terpsiphone viridis        

2 at Shakawe, several at Mahango and Popa Falls, 1 at Harold Porter BG, 2 at Bontebok and Grootvadersbosch and 3 at De Hoop.

Fork-tailed Drongo  Dicrurus adsimilis

Common in woodland throughout.

Cape(Black) Crow  Corvus capensis    

Fairly common in arid regions in Namibia (not seen until Etosha)

and the Cape.

Pied Crow Corvus albus          

1 near Grootfontein, 7 near Hobatere and 10 or more daily in the Cape away from the south coast.

White-necked Raven  Corvus albicollis

Up to 10 daily in the Cape other than on the west coast.

Eurasian Golden Oriole  Oriolus oriolus 

1 at Halali Camp.

Grey Cuckoo-shrike  Coracina caesia    

4 at Grootvadersbosch.

Black Cuckoo-shrike  Campephaga flava         

3 at Mahango and 1 at Rundu.

Red-backed Shrike  Lanius collurio     

Singles at Daan Viljoen and Waterberg, up to 10 daily in the Rundu - Mahango area, 2 at Etosha on 11th and 12th, and a few en route to Windhoek.

Lesser Grey Shrike  Lanius minor       

Fairly common on telegraph wires throughout Namibia, scarcer in the Okavango region and the arid west.

Common Fiscal(Shrike)  Lanius collaris          

3 near Okaukeujo and 1 at Rooibank but common throughout the Cape. 

*Magpie(Long-tailed) Shrike  Corvinella melanoleuca  

2 at Rundu and 5 at Shakawe village.

*White-crowned Shrike  Eurocephalus anguitimens    

Up to 8 daily in Etosha and 6 at Hobatere.

*White-tailed Shrike  Lanioturdus torquatus    

6 at Okonjima, 5 at Hobatere and 20 in the Omaruru - Karibib area.

Brubru  Nilaus afer      

5 at Daan Viljoen, 2 at Rundu and 1 at Hobatere.

Black-backed Puffback  Dryoscopus cubla      

1 at Shakawe and 3 at Popa Falls and Usakos.

Brown-crowned(Three-streaked) Tchagra  Tchagra australis    

1 at Okonjima, 2 at Rundu and Popa Falls, and 4 at Mahango.

*Swamp Boubou  Laniarius bicolor     

5 at Rundu, 4 at Mahango and numerous along the Okavango at Shakawe.

Tropical Boubou  Laniarius aethiopicus          

At least 2 at Popa Falls.

*Southern Boubou  Laniarius ferrugineus       

1 at Simon's Town, 2 at Bontebok and West Coast NP and heard at Vrolijkheid.

*Crimson-breasted Gonolek  Laniarius atroccoccineus           

Up to 4 daily throughout Namibia except in the coastal region.

*Bokmakierie  Telophorus zeylonus    

Several at Bontebok, De Hoop and Vrolijkheid, and 2 at West Coast NP.

Olive Bushshrike  Telophorus olivaceus         

1 at Grootvadersbosch.

Sulphur-(Orange)breasted Bushshrike Telophorus sulphureopectus

1 at Shakawe.

White Helmetshrike  Prionops plumatus         

A few small parties in the miombo woodland to and from Popa Falls and in the mopane woodland in Etosha.

*Retz's Helmetshrike  Prionops retzii  

A party of 6 at Shakawe Lodge.

*Cape Batis  Batis capensis     

4 at Harold Porter BG, 2 at Kirstenbosch BG and 10+ at Grootvadersbosch.

Chinspot Batis Batis molitor   

2 at Popa Falls.

*Pririt Batis  Batis pririt           

Up to 8 daily at Daan Viljoen and Okonjima, 1 at Etosha and 2 at Avis Dam and Katbakkies.

*Cape Rock-Thrush  Monticola rupestris         

Singles at Harold Porter BG and Vanrhyns Pass, and 2 at Potberg.

*Sentinel Rock-Thrush Monticola explorator   

1 at Sir Lowry's Pass.

*Short-toed Rock-Thrush Monticola brevipes  

Up to 10 daily in Daan Viljoen and a few elsewhere in northern Namibia excluding the Okavango region.

*Groundscaper Thrush  Psophocichla litsipsirupa      

10+ daily at Daan Viljoen and 2-4 daily elsewhere in Namibia excluding Popa Falls and the coastal region. 

*Olive Thrush  Turdus olivaceus         

2 at Harold Porter BG, Kirstenbosch BG and Bontebok, and 4 at Grootvadersbosch.

*Kurrichane Thrush  Turdus libonyanus          

8 in the miombo woodland between Rundu and Popa Falls. 

*Cape Rock-jumper  Chaetops frenatus                       

2 at Sir Lowry's Pass.

*Pale-winged Starling  Onychognathus nabouroup     

Common around Daan Viljoen, Waterberg, Khorixas-Omaruru and Vrolijkheid.

Red-winged Starling  Onychognathus morio   

Common throughout the Cape.

*Red-shouldered(Cape) Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis nitens 

Abundant throughout Namibia except the Okavango region, where daily counts were c.10, and the coast where absent.

*Sharp-tailed Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis acuticaudus       

6 in miombo woodland c.100km east of Rundu.

*Burchell's Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis australis    

Several throughout northern Namibia, with a daily max of 10+.

Meves's(Long-tailed) Glossy-Starling  Lamprotornis mevesii  

Fairly common in the Okavango region and around Hobatere.

Violet-backed(Plum-coloured) Starling  Cinnyricinclus leucogaster    

A few in the Caprivi miombo woodland with a max of 15 on 9th.

*African Pied Starling  Spreo bicolor  

Numerous inland in the Cape.

Wattled Starling  Creatophora cinerea 

Common at Okonjima, Rundu and Avis Dam, only.

Common Starling  Sturnus vulgaris    

Common throughout the Cape.

Red-billed Oxpecker  Buphagus erythrorhynchus        

5 at Shakawe and 2 at Mahango.

Pale(Mouse-coloured) Flycatcher  Bradornis(Melaenornis) pallidus 

Singles at Shakawe and Popa Falls.

*Chat Flycatcher  Bradornis(Melaenornis) infuscatus  

3 at Okonjima, up to 5 daily from Halali to Omaruru, including 4 at Karibib, 20 in the northern Cape on 20th, and two c.250km west of Windhoek.

*Mariqua Flycatcher  Bradornis(Melaenornis) mariquensis 

Widespread and common in small numbers in Namibia excluding the coastal region and Popa Falls area.

Southern Black-Flycatcher  Melaenornis pammelaina 

Singles at the Namibia/Botswana border and Popa Falls.

*Fiscal Flycatcher  Sigelus silens        

Small numbers throughout the southern Cape with a max of 10 on 19th.

Spotted Flycatcher  Muscicapa striata 

1 or 2 daily in northern Namibia, with 10 on 9th exceptional.

African Dusky Flycatcher  Muscicapa adusta   

A few at Harold Porter and Kirstenbosch BGs, Grootvadersbosch and Vrolijkheid.

*Cape Robin-Chat  Cossypha caffra     

Fairly common throughout the southern Cape.

White-browed Robin-Chat  Cossypha heuglini 

Common from Popa Falls to Shakawe, with 10 at the latter on 7th.

*Red-backed(White-browed) Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas leucophrys    

4 at Shakawe and singles near Okaukeujo and at Waterberg.

*Kalahari Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas paena       

Up to 6 daily in central and northern Namibia excluding the Okavango region.

*Karoo Scrub-Robin  Cercotrichas coryphaeus

Common in the Karoo.

*Herero Chat  Namibornis herero         

A pair in song at Khorixas, at the junction of the main road west and the road to the campsite.

Common Stonechat  Saxicola torquata           

Up to 5 daily in the Okavango region, common from Bontebok to de Hoop and a few elsewhere in the Cape.

*Mountain Wheatear(Chat)  Oenanthe monticola  

Common around Windhoek with a few north to Okonjima but none elsewhere.

Capped Wheatear  Oenanthe pileata    

Widespread in small numbers north of Windhoek with a max of 10 around Omaruru/Karibib.

*Sicklewing Chat  Cercomela sinuata  

5 in the northern Cape on 20th.

*Karoo Chat  Cercomela schlegelii      

5 from Khorixas to Omaruru, 2 at Karibib, and common in the northern Cape with 20 on 20th.

*Tractrac Chat  Cercomela tractrac      

2 at Khorixas, up to 4 200-250km west of Windhoek, and 10 in the northern Cape.

Familiar Chat  Cercomela familiaris    

Fairly common throughout central Namibia and the Cape with a max of 10 a day.

*Southern Anteater-Chat  Myrmecocichla formicivora  

6 in Etosha on 11th and 12th, 5 at Karibib, and 2 near Usakos and Calvinia.

Sand Martin  Riparia riparia    

Common at Shakawe and 10 at Hobatere.

Plain(Brown-throated) Martin  Riparia paludicola        

2 at Daan Viljoen and Rundu, and 20 at Shakawe.

Banded Martin  Riparia cincta 

10 at Shakawe and Namutoni, a few elsewhere in Etosha and at Hobatere, and 3 at Sandvlei.

Grey-rumped Swallow  Hirundo griseopyga    

30 from Rundu to Popa Falls and 10 at Shakawe.

Rock Martin  Hirundo fuligula             

Common at Daan Viljoen, Avis Dam and around the Cape, and 2 at Hobatere.

Barn Swallow  Hirundo rustica

Common throughout Namibia, excluding the coastal region, and in the north of the Cape.

*White-throated Swallow  Hirundo albigularis 

2 at Daan Viljoen and Shakawe, 4 at Rundu, 5 at Vrolijkheid, 2 at Karooport and 1 at Sandvlei.

Wire-tailed Swallow  Hirundo smithii  

10 at Shakawe and 2 at Popa Falls.

*Pearl-breasted Swallow  Hirundo dimidiata    

4 nesting in a pipe under the main road 141km north of Windhoek, and 10 at Rundu.

*Greater Striped-Swallow  Hirundo cucullata   

Numerous around Windhoek, only a few elsewhere in Namibia but common throughout the Cape.

Lesser Striped-Swallow  Hirundo abyssinica   

10+ at Rundu.

Rufous-chested(Red-breasted) Swallow  Hirundo semirufa      

Up to 5 at Rundu, 10 at Etosha on 11th and 1 en route to Windhoek on 25th.

Mosque Swallow  Hirundo senegalensis         

At least 3 at Rundu.

*South African(Cliff) Swallow  Hirundo spilodera        

Common at Windhoek airport, 2 at Daan Viljoen and 4 at Avis Dam.

House Martin  Delichon urbica

30 at Rundu on 6th.

Black Saw-wing  Psalidoprocne holomelas     

20+ from Sir Lowry's Pass to Betty's Bay and a few elsewhere in the southern Cape.

Common Bulbul  Pycnonotus barbatus           

Common in the Okavango region and 4 at Namutoni.

*Cape Bulbul  Pycnonotus capensis    

Common on the south coast, a few around Swellendam but absent elsewhere.

*Black-fronted(Red-eyed) Bulbul  Pycnonotus nigricans          

Abundant in central Namibia up to western Etosha.

*Sombre Greenbul  Andropadus importunus  

4 at Harold Porter BG and Bontebok, 2 at Kirstenbosch and 5+ at Grootvadersbosch.

*Yellow-bellied Greenbul  Chlorocichla flaviventris     

2 in the Caprivi miombo woodland and 4 at Popa Falls.

*Terrestrial Brownbul Phyllastrephus terrestris           

10 at Shakawe and 4 at Popa Falls.

African Yellow White-eye  Zosterops senegalensis      

2 at Popa Falls and in the miombo woodland.

*Pale(Cape) White-eye  Zosterops pallidus      

Common throughout the southern Cape.

Rattling Cisticola  Cisticola chinianus 

Up to 3 daily at Daan Viljoen and singles at Rundu and the east entrance to Etosha.

*Grey(Tinkling) Cisticola  Cisticola rufilatus    

1 at Daan Viljoen on 3rd was the only record.

*Red-headed(Grey-backed) Cisticola  Cisticola subruficapillus 

Singles near and at Okinjawa, Namutoni and Avis Dam, and 10 at Bontebok/De Hoop.

*Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens   

1 seen at Shakawe and several heard.

*Tinkling(Levaillant's) Cisticola  Cisticola tinniens      

10 at Harold Porter BG; a few cisticolas at Vrolijkheid were also thought to be this species.

Piping Cisticola(Neddicky) Cisticola fulvicapillus        

5+ in the Caprivi miombo woodland and common throughout the southern Cape.

Zitting(Fan-tailed) Cisticola  Cisticola juncidis

Only 1 noted at Popa Falls but common at Avis Dam.

Desert Cisticola  "Cisticola aridula      

5 near Okonjima, 2 at Etosha on 11th and 13th, and common at Hobatere and Karibib.

*Cloud Cisticola  Cisticola textrix        

5 at Bontebok.

Tawny-flanked Prinia  Prinia subflava 

Common in the Shakawe-Popa Falls area and 1 at Etosha.

*Black-chested Prinia  Prinia flavicans

Widespread in small numbers in Namibia, excluding the Okavango region, with a daily max of 5 at Okonjima and Etosha.

*Karoo Prinia  Prinia maculosa           

Common in the southern Cape, but scarce in the north and west.

*White-breasted(Namaqua) Prinia  Prinia substriata     

1 taped in at Karooport.

*Rufous-eared Warbler  Malcorus pectoralis    

12 in the low vegetation around Okaukeujo, singles at Karibib (with nesting material) and at Vrolijkheid, and ten 20km south of Brandvlei.

Yellow-breasted Apalis  Apalis flavida

1 in miombo woodland 100km east of Rundu.

*Bar-throated Apalis  Apalis thoracica 

4 at Bontebok, 2 at de Hoop and 3 at Grootvadersbosch.

*Grey-backed Camaroptera(Bleating Warbler)  Camaroptera brevicaudata

Fairly common in northeast Namibia, especially at Waterberg and the Caprivi miombo woodland.

*Barred Wren-Warbler  Calamonastes(Camaroptera) fasciolatus          

Singles at Daan Viljoen and Okonjima, with 2 more heard at the former.

*Kopje(Cinnamon-breasted) Warbler  Euryptila subcinnamomea         

1 taped in at Karooport.

*African Bush-(Sedge)Warbler  Bradypterus baboecala

2 at Daan Viljoen and 1 at Rundu.

*Knysna Scrub-Warbler  Bradypterus sylvaticus          

An arch-skulker at Kirstenbosch BG.

*Victorin's Scrub-Warbler  Bradypterus victorini         

A fine performer at Sir Lowry's Pass.

*Damara Rock-jumper  Achaetops pycnopygius          

Up to 8 daily at Daan Viljoen, 2 singles at Okonjima and 2 at Waterberg.

*Cape Grassbird  Sphenoeacus afer    

Several at Sir Lowry's Pass and along the coast to Harold Porter BG, 2 at Grootvadersbosch and 1 at West Coast NP.

*African Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus baeticatus         

2 daily at Daan Viljoen, 1 at Popa Falls, 2 at De Hoop, 4 at Vrolijkheid and 3 at Karooport.

Great Reed-Warbler  Acrocephalus arundinaceus        

1 at Rundu SF on 9th.

*Greater Swamp-Warbler  Acrocephalus rufescens      

2 at Shakawe.

Lesser Swamp-(Cape Reed-)Warbler  Acrocephalus gracilirostris        

5 at Rundu and 2 at Rondevlei.

Icterine Warbler  Hippolais icterina     

3 at Shakawe to Popa Falls and 1 at Waterberg.

*Fairy Warbler(Flycatcher)  Stenostira scita     

2 at Katbakkies.

Yellow-bellied Eremomela  Eremomela icteropygialis 

Singles at Daan Viljoen and Saldanha Is, and 2 at Okonjima and Karibib.

*Yellow-rumped(Karoo) Eremomela  Eremomela gregalis

5 from Karooport to Brandvlei.

Greencap Eremomela  Eremomela scotops     

1 in miombo woodland 27 km west of Popa Falls.

*Burnt-neck Eremomela  Eremomela usticollis  

Up to 8 daily at Daan Viljoen and 4 at Okonjima.

*Cape(Long-billed) Crombec  Sylvietta rufescens        

Widespread in Namibia, with a max of 5 at Daan Viljoen, but only 2 in Etosha and absent from the west; also 2 at Vrolijkheid, Katbakkies and West Coast NP.

*Yellow-throated Woodland-Warbler  Phylloscopus ruficapilla

10 at Grootvadersbosch.

Willow Warbler  Phylloscopus trochilus          

Widespread in small numbers in Namibia, excluding the west, with 4 at Shakawe and exceptional numbers in the miombo woodland - 20 on 9th; 3 at Waterberg included one in full song.

*Layard's Warbler(Titbabbler)  Sylvia(Parisoma) layardi          

Singles at Katbakkies and West Coast NP.

*Rufous-vented Warbler(Titbabbler)  Sylvia(Parisoma) subcaeruleum 

Fairly common in small numbers throughout Namibia excluding the west, with a max of 10+ at Daan Viljoen; 2 at West Coast NP was the only record in the Cape.

Garden Warbler  Sylvia borin  

1 at Halali Camp, Etosha.

*Angola(Hartlaub's) Babbler  Turdoides hartlaubii

Common in the Okavango region.

*Southern Pied-Babbler  Turdoides bicolor     

Three 141km north of Windhoek, 2 at Okonjima, and 5 at Namutoni and Usakos.

Arrow-marked Babbler  Turdoides jardineii     

Up to 5 daily at Shakawe and 3 at Popa Falls.

*Bare-cheeked Babbler  Turdoides gymnogenys         

3 at Halali Camp and Hobatere Lodge.

*Ashy Tit Parus cinerascens    

Up to 4 daily at Daan Viljoen.

*White-winged(Carp's) Black-Tit Parus leucomelas(carpi)  

Up to 5 daily at Daan Viljoen, 4 at Halali and 2 at Hobatere.

*Southern Black-Tit  Parus niger         

3 at Mahango and 4 at Popa Falls.

*Rufous-bellied Tit  Parus rufiventris   

A superb pair 27km west of Popa Falls.

African(Grey) Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus caroli         

Two 12km west of Popa Falls.

*Southern(Cape) Penduline-Tit  Anthoscopus minutus

8 at Daan Viljoen on 3rd and 2 on 15th, 2 at Karibib, Avis Dam and Katbakkies, and 10 at Saldanha Is.

Rufous-naped Lark  Mirafra africana    

2 at Mahango and Andoni plains, and 1 at Okendeka.

*Clapper Lark  Mirafra apiata   

2 at Karibib, Bontebok and Ceres.

*Fawn-coloured Lark Mirafra africanoides

1 at Daan Viljoen and 2 at Mahango.

*Bradfield's(Sabota) Lark  Mirafra naevia         

[This sp. has been split from M.sabota by Sibley and Munroe but I Sinclair considers this to be ill-founded as the differences are clinal.] Up to 3 at Daan Viljoen daily, common in Etosha, 2 at Karibib and 1 at Avis Dam. 

*Long-billed Lark  Certhilauda curvirostris      

Singles at Bontebok and halfway from Swakopmund to Omaruru.

*Dune Lark  Certhilauda erythrochlamys         

2 at Rooiport.

*Karoo Lark  Certhilauda albescens     

1 between Swellendam and De Hoop and 10 in the northern Cape on 20th.

*Ferruginous(Red) Lark  Certhilauda burra      

One 104km north of Calvinia.

*Spike-heeled Lark  Chersomanes albofasciata           

10 in Etosha on 12th, 15 at Karibib and 40+ north of Calvinia.

Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark  Eremopterix leucotis 

1 near Rundu on 6th (MW).

*Black-eared Sparrow-Lark  Eremopterix australis       

At least five 105km north of Calvinia.

*Grey-backed Sparrow-Lark  Eremopterix verticalis     

Up to 50 daily in Etosha and between Swellendam and De Hoop.

*Gray's Lark  Ammomanes grayi         

15 seen 250km west of Windhoek on 22nd but not relocated on 24th.

*Large-billed Lark  Galerida magnirostris        

10+ en route to Swellendam on 18th and 20 north of Ceres on 20th.

Red-capped Lark  Calandrella cinerea 

The commonest and most widespread lark, found on open land throughout northern Namibia and common from Swellendam to De Hoop and north of Ceres.

*Pink-billed Lark  Spizocorys conirostris        

5 on Andoni plains, Etosha.

*Stark's Lark  Eremalauda starki          

Common at Karibib and between Swakopmund and Usakos.

House Sparrow  Passer domesticus    

Present in towns.

Rufous(Great) Sparrow  Passer motitensis      

Fairly common throughout Namibia excluding the Okavango region.

*Mossie(Cape Sparrow)  Passer melanurus     

4 at Twyfelfontein, 10 east of Swakopmund and common in the southern Cape.

*Cape(Southern Grey-headed) Sparrow  Passer diffusus         

Common throughout Namibia except in the Okavango region where there was a max of 10 on 8th.

Green-winged Pytilia (Melba Finch)  Pytilia melba       

Up to 6 at Daan Viljoen, Okonjima and the Okavango, but only 2 elsewhere - in Etosha.

*Brown Firefinch  Lagonosticta nitidula          

At least 2 at Kaisosi Lodge, Rundu and Mahango, and 7 at Shakawe.

Red-billed Firefinch  Lagonosticta senegala    

At least 5 at Rundu.

Jameson's Firefinch  Lagonosticta rhodopareia          

5 at Rundu and 3 at Shakawe.

*Blue-breasted Cordonbleu  Uraeginthus angolensis

Common in the Okavango region, a few in eastern Etosha and 1 at Waterberg.

*Violet-eared Waxbill  Uraeginthus granatina   

Widespread in small numbers throughout northern Namibia, with a max of 15+ on 5th.

*Swee Waxbill  Estrilda melanotis       

4 at Bontebok and Vrolijkheid.

Common Waxbill  Estrilda astrild        

Up to 6 daily at Daan Viljoen and sites in the southern Cape, and 2 at Rundu and Avis Dam.

Black-faced Waxbill  Estrilda erythronotos      

Fairly common in central Namibia, with a max of 20 at Avis Dam, and a few in the north.

*Red-headed Finch  Amadina erythrocephala  

Only found in Etosha with 10+ daily and 100 around Okendeka.

*Shaft-tailed Whydah  Vidua regia       

Non-breeding whydahs were problematic but we believe there were 10+ of this sp. at Okonjima, Mahango and Avis Dam, plus 2 adult males at the latter.

Pin-tailed Whydah  Vidua macroura    

Full adult males were at Daan Viljoen (1), Avis Dam (6 + 15'females') and Sandvlei (1); there were also 3 'females' at De Hoop.

*Broad-tailed Paradise-Whydah  Vidua obtusa 

10 paradise-whydahs at Shakawe Lodge were in mature broad-leaved forest on two occasions and therefore probably this sp. rather than V.paradisaea.

African Pied Wagtail  Motacilla aguimp           

Up to 6 daily in the Popa Falls / Shakawe area.

Cape Wagtail  Motacilla capensis        

A few at waters throughout.

*Cape(Orange-throated) Longclaw  Macronyx capensis           

2 at Bontebok.

*Yellow-tufted(Rock) Pipit  Anthus crenatus    

1 at Vrolijkheid.

African(Grassveld) Pipit  Anthus cinnamomeus          

Widespread in Namibia with up to 6 most days and 10 on 25th; 2 at Bontebok was the only definite Cape record.

Plain-backed Pipit  Anthus leucophrys

2 at Mahango, Rundu and Andoni plains, and 1 near Ceres.

*Buffy Pipit  Anthus vaalensi   

2 at Daan Viljoen and 4 at Avis Dam.

Long-billed Pipit  Anthus similis         

3 at Daan Viljoen and 5 at Avis Dam.

Tree Pipit  Anthus trivialis

2 of this rare migrant in the miombo woodland 27km west of Popa Falls and 1 called in flight over Popa Falls.

Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver  Bubalornis niger   

Common around Okonjima, Hobatere and Usakos, and a few in Etosha.

*Scaly Weaver(Scaly-feathered Finch)  Sporopipes squamifrons         

Common around Okonjima, Avis Dam and in Etosha, 2 at Mahango and Rundu, and 15 at Karibib.

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver  Plocepasser mahali   

Abundant throughout central Namibia but only a few in the north.

*Social Weaver  Philetairus socius      

Large colonies c.150km north of Windhoek, between Hobatere and Kamanjab, and in Etosha.

Lesser Masked Weaver  Ploceus intermedius  

4 at Daan Viljoen and Okonjima.

Spectacled Weaver  Ploceus ocularis  

5 at Shakawe Lodge.

*Cape Weaver  Ploceus capensis         

Common throughout the southern Cape.

Holub's Golden-Weaver  Ploceus xanthops     

Common at Shakawe lodge and 5+ at Popa Falls.

*Southern Masked-Weaver  Ploceus velatus    

Common throughout except in northern Namibia and Cape where much more local.

Chestnut Weaver  Ploceus rubiginosus           

10 at Hobatere Lodge.

Red-headed Weaver  Anaplectes rubriceps      

4 in miombo woodland 12km west of Popa Falls.

Red-billed Quelea  Quelea quelea        

Common at Rundu and in eastern Etosha and a few south to Daan Viljoen.

*Red Bishop  Euplectes orix    

5 at Avis Dam and common inland throughout the Cape.

Yellow Bishop(Yellow-rumped Widow)  Euplectes capensis    

5 males at Harold Porter BG, 20 in the Swellendam area and 15 at Kransvlei Poort.

Fan-tailed(Red-shouldered) Widowbird Euplectes axillaris      

At least 2 at Vungu Vungu Dairy, Rundu and singles at Mahango and Shakawe.

*Cape Sugarbird  Promerops cafer      

Fairly common from Somerset West to Harold Porter BG and 3 at Bontebok.

Collared Sunbird  Anthreptes collaris 

5 at Popa Falls.

*Orange-breasted Sunbird  Nectarinia violacea

3 males at Harold Porter BG. [Little attempt was made to identify female sunbirds.]

Amethyst(Black) Sunbird  Nectarinia amethystina         

1 male at Grootvadersbosch.

Scarlet-chested Sunbird  Nectarinia senegalensis       

Up to 6 daily from Windhoek to Rundu, including Waterberg, but none at Etosha or in the west.

*White-breasted(White-bellied) Sunbird  Nectarinia talatala 

2 males at Okonjima, Popa Falls and Rundu.

*Southern(Lesser) Double-collared Sunbird  Nectarinia chalybea 

The common sunbird in the Cape.

*Greater Double-collared Sunbird  Nectarinia afra 

6 at Grootvadersbosch.

*Dusky Sunbird  Nectarinia fusca        

1 at Okonjima and 4 at Karibib and Rooiport.

*Malachite Sunbird  Nectarinia famosa

2+ males at Harold Porter BG and singles at Sir Lowry's Pass, Grootvadersbosch and Lambert's Bay.

Mariqua Sunbird  Nectarinia mariquensis       

3 at Okonjima, up to 5 in the Rundu area, 2 at Usakos and 6 at Waterberg.

*Cape Canary  Serinus canicollis        

Common at Harold Porter BG and Kransvlei Poort, and a few elsewhere in the southern Cape.

*Forest Canary  Serinus scotops         

10+ at Grootvadersbosch.

Southern Yellow-rumped Seedeater(Black-throated Canary)  Serinus atrogularis        

Common in central Namibia and a few in the north.

Yellow-fronted(Yellow-eyed) Canary  Serinus mozambicus 

Singles at Rundu, in the Caprivi miombo woodland and at Popa Falls.

Yellow Canary  Serinus flaviventris     

Up to 10 a day at Daan Viljoen and in the Cape, 5+ at Okonjima, 2 at Hobatere and 10 at Karibib.

*Brimstone(Bully) Canary  Serinus sulphuratus           

4 at Rondevlei and 2 at Grootvadersbosch.

*White-throated Canary  Serinus albogularis   

1 at Halali, and several at Swellendam campsite, Vanrhyns Gorge and Kransvlei Poort, Clanwilliam.

*Streaky-headed Seedeater(Canary)  Serinus gularis

1 at Kransvlei Poort.

*White-winged Seedeater (Protea Canary)  Serinus leucopterus

10 at Kransvlei Poort.

*Cape Siskin  Serinus totta      

Several at Sir Lowry's Pass and Kransvlei Poort.

*Lark-like Bunting  Emberiza impetuani          

8 at Karibib, 1 at Daan Viljoen, 50+ at Avis Dam and singles near Swellendam and Usakos.

Cinnamon-breasted(Rock) Bunting  Emberiza tahapisi

Singles at Daan Viljoen, Mahango and Omaruru, 3 at Okonjima, 10 at Halali and Hobatere, 4 at Avis Dam and 10 at De Hoop.

Cape Bunting  Emberiza capensis       

Up to 15 a day at Daan Viljoen, a few in the southern Cape and common in the dry northern Cape.

Golden-breasted Bunting  Emberiza flaviventris          

Up to 8 daily at Daan Viljoen, 1 at Okonjima, 3 near Rundu and 2 at Hobatere.

                                    LIST OF MAMMALS

This list follows the sequence and nomenclature of A World List of Mammalian Species by GB Corbet and JE Hill (1991). 

Chacma Baboon  Papio ursinus          

Common in central Namibia and north to Rundu but not Etosha.

Savanna(Vervet) Monkey  Cercopithecus aethiops 

A few at Shakawe and Popa Falls.

Black-backed Jackal  Canis mesomelas          

Small numbers throughout

Ratel(Honey Badger)  Mellivora capensis         

4+ at Okonjima.

Meerkat(Suricate)  Suricata suricatta   

Several in the north Cape.

Large Grey Mongoose  Galerella nigrita          

1 at Shakawe.

Cape Grey Mongoose  Galerella pulverulenta 

1 near Lambert's Bay.

Slender Mongoose  Galerella sanguinea         

2 at Okonjima and 1 at Waterberg.

Banded Mongoose  Mungos mungo                            

3 in eastern Etosha.

Yellow Mongoose  Cynictis penicillata

A few throughout the dry bushveld.

Aardwolf  Proteles cristatus                

1 on the night-drive at Hobatere.

Spotted Hyena  Crocuta crocuta          

12 in eastern Etosha.

Caracal  Felis caracal                          

1 at Okonjima.

(African) Wild Cat  Felis silvestris lybica 

Singles at Okonjima, Okaukeujo and Hobatere.

Leopard  Panthera pardus                   

2 at Okonjima.

Cape Fur Seal  Arctocephalus pusillus            

100s in Walvis Bay.

Bottlenose Dolphin  Tursiops truncatus          

A few on the pelagic.

Heaviside's Dolphin  Cephalorhynchus heavisidii

10+ on the pelagic

African Elephant  Loxodonta africana  

Common at Mahango and fairly common in Etosha.

Common(Burchell's) Zebra  Equus burchellii 

50 at Mahango and abundant in Etosha.

Mountain Zebra  Equus zebra 

6 at Daan Viljoen, a few at Hobatere and 2 at De Hoop.

Black Rhinoceros  Diceros bicornis    

2 at Okaukeujo.

Rock Dassie(Hyrax)  Procavia capensis           

Up to 3 daily at Daan Viljoen and a few in the Cape.

Kaokoland Rock Hyrax  Procavia welwitschii 

5 at Khorixas.

Warthog  Phacochoerus aethiopicus   

Fairly common throughout central and northern Namibia.

Hippopotamus  Hippopatamus amphibius      

A few at Shakawe and Mahango.

Giraffe  Giraffa camelopardalis

Common in Etosha.

Eland  Tragelaphus oryx                     

2 or 3 daily in Daan Viljoen and at De Hoop - all introductions.

Bushbuck  Tragelaphus  scriptus        

1 at Mahango.

Greater Kudu  Tragelaphus strepsiceros         

Fairly common throughout Namibia except the coastal region and a few in the Cape.

African Buffalo  Synceros caffer          

A few at Mahango and in Etosha.

Common Duiker  Sylvicapra grimmia  

1 at Mahango.

Lechwe  Kobus leche              

15 at Mahango.

Mountain Reedbuck  Redunca fulvorufula       

3 near Grootvadersbosch.

Grey Rhebok  Pelea capreolus

C.8 at Bontebok NP and a few at de Hoop.

Roan Antelope  Hippotragus equinus  

5 at Mahango.

Sable Antelope  Hippotragus niger      

10 at Mahango and a few (introduced) at Waterberg.

Gemsbok  Oryx gazella           

Up to 20 at Daan Viljoen and abundant in Etosha.

Blue Wildebeest  Connochaetes taurinus        

Up to 20 at Daan Viljoen and common in Etosha.

Red Hartebeest  Alcephalus buselaphus          

Up to 20 at Daan Viljoen and 6 near Namutoni.

Bontebok  Damaliscus dorcas             

Fairly common at Bontebok NP and De Hoop.

Tsessebi  Damaliscus lunatus             

2 at Mahango.

Klipspringer  Oreotragus oreotragus   

1 near Khorixas and several in the Cape.

Kirk's(Damara) Dik-Dik  Madoqua kirkii

2 near Namutoni.

Steenbok  Raphiceros campestris       

3 at Okonjima and a few in Etosha.

Cape Grysbok  Raphiceros melanotis

1 at Bontebok NP.

Impala  Aepyceros melampus 

1 of the nominate subsp. at Mahango and small numbers of the Black-faced A.m.petersi in Etosha.

Springbok  Antidorcas marsupialis     

Abundant in Etosha and Mahango, a few elsewhere in Namibia and fairly common in the Cape game-parks.

Spring Hare  Pedetes capensis            

5 on the Hobatere night-drive.

Smith's Bush(South African Tree) Squirrel  Paraxerus cepapi 

Fairly common at Popa Falls.

Cape Ground Squirrel  Xerus inauris  

Common in Etosha and locally in dry areas elsewhere.   

Bushveld Gerbil  Tatera leucogaster    

1 in Etosha.

Four-striped Grass Mouse  Rhabdomys pumilio         

1 at Daan Viljoen.

South African Porcupine  Hystrix africaeaustralis 

3+ at Okonjima.

Scrub Hare  Lepus saxatilis     

5+ at Okonjima.

 

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