BIRDING AROUND THE WORLD

Subtitle

RWANDA:   27th JULY  -  2nd  AUG  1990

INTRODUCTION
Although noted for Mountain Gorillas and not birds, Rwanda has a list  of 670 species and yet is  only the size of Wales.  It holds probably the most accessible tract of extensive rain forest in central Africa and star birds such as Shoebill, Pennant-winged Nightjar and Ruwenzori Turaco. The only problem is the cost, which is relatively high unless you travel by public transport and camp.

Roy  Frost and Jon Hornbuckle spent one week in Rwanda prior to visiting Kenya. We found the people friendly and experienced no real hassles, although at the time of writing (October 90) there is tribal fighting in Kigali, and possibly elsewhere. We were able to communicate, in a fashion, with many people in French but rarely in English.

MONEY

The official exchange rate was 140 RWF to the pound. You had to exchange at least 100 pounds at the airport but could change it back on return by showing the exchange certificate. The blackmarket rate was somewhat higher. It was important to have undeclared cash available if you need to buy “gorilla tickets“ unofficially.

WEATHER
Sunny, hot, and hazy, with a strong wind much of the time which made it rather pleasant but impeded bird-finding a little. Atop Mt. Bisoke, it was cool and a 15 minute hail storm was experienced. Thunderstorms have been encountered by others at this time of year. The rainy season is mid- March to May and Oct to November.

TRANSPORT

The cheapest flight was with Aeroflot via Moscow, but as this only went once a month, you had to go either for 4 weeks or do the other leg from a different country. We flew from Rwanda to Nairobi (on Kenya Airways) and returned on Aeroflot to Heathrow (via Moscow) from Nairobi – cost was 425 pounds from SAM Travel Centre in London, an agent we would recommend. We had to buy a return Nairobi – Kigali ticket because at 102 pounds it was cheaper than a single from Kigali; it would have been cheaper to travel the other way, i.e. on a single Nairobi – Kigali. Everything was more expensive in Rwanda than in Kenya.

Car hire was expensive because we were only allowed 100 km a day  “free“ and then had to pay an exorbitant rate per km. Furthermore, we were not allowed to drive a car off the few paved roads and so needed a 4-wheel drive vehicle most of the time, at a much higher daily rate. It is possible to take or hitch on main routes, and hire a motorbike and driver for short distances, eg. for the 18 km from Ruhengeri to Kinigi, but a vehicle was essential in Akagera NP. Driving was no problem, apart from the poor condition of the minor roads.

The only international hire company was Europcar. We pre – booked with them, not paying in advance as the rates appeared astronomic compared with local rates. However, there was no–one to meet us at the airport, as arranged, and when we eventually went to their office at the Hotel des Mille Collines in Kigali, they were most unhelpful.

We negotiated a rate with a local at the airport – 5000 RWF a day plus 40 RWF per km in excess of 100. Unfortunately, the 4- wheel drive vehicle turned out to be a Lada Niva – we discovered some of the jokes about Ladas really were true stories! We changed it after 4 days for a very good Suzuki Sierra (jeep ), for the same price from Amuri Kamegeri of Kigali. He could be contacted via Fixit, at the Hotel des Mille Collines.

An official car hire company was Top Car, Ave. de la Republique, tel. 73626. A highly recommend driver with car was Emmanuel Sekimonyo, BP 2015, Kigali.

One good idea is to take the ferry the length of Lake Kivu from Gisenyi to Cyangugu, or vice versa, the most pleasant way of travelling between Volcano National Park/ Gishwati Forest and Nyungwe Forest/ Zaire. It went twice a week, taking 9h 30m.

ACCOMMODATION
We stayed in missions, which are like youth hostels, all the time except in Akagera NP, as recommend in Lonely Planet. Cost was 250-600 RWF for a basic single or double room. Food was either cheap and barely edible except for omelettes, or expensive and good. At Akagera the choice was either an excellent lodge, at 5500 RWF a double (credit cards accepted), or camping with no facilities for 1000 RWF. We had no difficulty in getting beds, even though it was high season, although the Ruhengeri mission was nearly full.

BIRDING LOCALITIES

Most of the country is cultivated, with an avifauna similar to parts of Kenya. There are only two key localities: Akagera National Park in the east and Nyungwe Forest in the south-west. If gorillas are priority and time and money short, Volcano National Park and Gishwati Forest should be visited instead of Nyungwe.

The montane forest at Nyungwe was said to be superb, and covering a fairly wide altitude range. The problem was that you had either to take your own food and camp or commute, on a sealed road, 90 km from Butare  or 60 km from Cyangugu. The Hotel du Lac was recommended at the latter. Trails were said to be good but could be difficult to find initially – ask at the Colobus research station. You could cross into Zaire from Cyangugu, provided you had a visa (obtainable from Kigali in 24 hours). It is only a short distance to Kahuzi-Biega National Park, where gorilla viewing was cheaper than in Rwanda. There was excellent lowland rain-forest across the Lwana River near Irangi. However, road conditions in Zaire are generally terrible.

Gishwati Forest, which holds similar but fewer birds, almost touches the Ruhengeri – Gisenyi road. We took a good track from here but the forest was not virgin as woodcutters were active. There was also a risk of being escorted out by the military, as we were on our second visit. A better area for canopy species was the forest along the Gisenyi – Kibuye road, but it was two hours from Gisenyi as the road was so poor. Despite very little traffic, it should be possible to reach it by hitching or bus.

Akagera NP encompasses a variety of savanna types and holds several large, papyrus fringed lakes. Entrance cost 1500 RWF per person, unless you had an official  “gorilla ticket“ when it was free, plus 1000 per vehicle and 6% tax. There were two main approaches, each with a nearby lodge, and so the obvious route was to go in one way and drive through to the other. Possibly the best plan is to go to Hotel Akagera in the south, stay the night (for Pennant-winged Nightjar ) and arrange a boat trip on Lac Mahindi  (better still, do this beforehand and try to go with a group or else it will be very expensive).

Decide whether you are willing to disobey park rules and leave you vehicle - there is little risk of being caught if you park off the main track as there are very few rangers, but there are lions and buffalos although we did not see any. Birding is good on foot near Hotel Akagera, so it is worth spending 2 nights there and then doing the early morning boat trip en route to Gabiro Lodge in the north. As birding in the vehicle is not so good, one night at Hotel Akagera is sufficient if you are not going to walk. In this case it would be worth visiting Ranch Mpanga, due south of the park, which can be walked without risk as there are no lions or buffalos.

The purpose of the boat trip is to see papyrus birds such as Shoebill, Finfoot, Rufous-bellied Heron, Pygmy Goose, Papyrus Gonolek and White-winged Warbler. The only other chance for Shoebill is to find a causeway, running through papyrus, with pools on both sides, some 45-60 minutes drive from Gabiro Lodge.  Precise details are known to Jean Pierre Vandeweghe who may be found at Gabiro Lodge or Rwanda Travel Service, Hotel des  Diplomates, 45 Boulevard de la Revolution, Kigali.

GORILLA VIEWING

High season is mid July to the end of August. It was almost impossible to obtain permits for this time as the tour operators book all the places. The options are  (a) to book with a tour operator such as Rwanda Travel Service, which involves paying handsomely for a total package from Kigali; (b) going to the base at Kinigi, putting your name on the waiting list & returning 4-5 days later when hopefully your name should be near the top of the list for cancellations; (c) trying to buy a ticket the night before from someone who no longer wishes to go, not as unlikely as it sounds. We succeeded in buying one ticket at the mission in Ruhengeri for $150.

If you can go outside the high season, write, at least several months ahead, to Office Rwandais du Tourisme et des Parcs Nationaux, BP 905, Kigali, requesting to visit SUSA Group (the biggest ) if possible, or Group 13. Alternatively, you can just turn up at Kinigi and probably see one of the 4 groups within a day or two.

The cost was 11000 RWF plus 2120 for entrance to the park when we visited, but a substantial increase was said to be forthcoming. With a student card the cost was much reduced. There are chalets to stay in at Kinigi and a camping site but they can be full in high season.

It is advisable to wear long sleeves, thickish trousers and gloves because there are lots of stinging nettles in the forest. Stout shoes are adequate footwear. Escorted walks up the volcanos are always available; birds are not numerous but can be interesting and the vegetation and views make it well worthwhile.

DAILY LOG

27th  July         Moscow * Cairo * Entebbe * Kigali * Ruhengeri

Left Moscow 03.25, arrived on time at Kigali. Although using binoculars was discouraged, an hour at Entebbe airport on the way, overlooking Lake Victoria, provided the first good birds: Black –headed Heron, African Fish Eagle, African Marsh Harrier, 500+  Little Swift, 50+ Angola Swallow.

Spent some time sorting out car hire and trying unsuccessfully for gorilla permits. The few birds included Black-crowned Waxbill and our only Grey Kestrel. Drove to Ruhengeri, arriving at 19.45, and booked into dormitory in the Catholic  Mission  (Centre d’ Acceuil, Ave. de la Nutrition) for 250 RWF each. Dinner of peas and boiled spuds –  “excellent“ according to Lonely Planet!

28th  July       Kinigi *  Rwaza *  Ruhengeri

 Spent hours at the Kinigi HQ of the Parc National des Volcans trying for gorilla permits. Then birded local farmland: Wahlberg’s  Eagle, Great Sparrowhawk, pair of Lanner with fledgling , Dusky Turtle Dove, Scarce Swift, Robin-Chat, White-tailed Crested Flycatcher, Bronze & Stuhlmann’s  Double-collared Sunbirds, Baglafecht Weaver and Yellow-bellied Waxbill. A nesting grey flycatcher was puzzling but eventually ascribed to the western race of Pale Flycatcher, much greyer than illustrated.  Surprised to hear the calls of several Quail.

Returned to the Mission, booking single rooms for 450 RWF. Late p.m. drove to the village of Rwaza , birding farmland, copses, small swamp and river: Hamerkop, Hadada, Yellow-billed Duck, Long-crested Eagle, Black Crake, Crowned Crane, White-bellied & Swamp Flycatchers, Fan-tailed Widowbird and Thick-billed Seedeater. An elusive warbler had the appearance of Black-capped Apalis but the view was not good enough to claim a new species for Rwanda!

29th  July   Gorillas  *  Mt Bisoke  * Ruhengeri

With a single permit one of us saw gorilla group 9, a silverback, 3 females and 3 young - a marvelous experience with the huge but gentle animals at a few feet range. The other joined a small party on a hike to the top of Mt Bisoke (3711 m), passing from cloud forest, through elfin forest to a spectacular view across to Zaire, surrounded by giant lobelias and tree heaths. The only notable birds were Rufous Sparrowhawk, Slender- billed Greenbul, Collared Apalis, Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbird and Yellow-crowned Canary. The crater-lake at the top was birdless apart from Mountain Buzzard and White-necked Raven above. The area around the HQ added a few more species including Scaly Francolin, Sooty Chat and White-browed Robin-Chat.

Returning to Ruhengeri, we found a roost of 100+ Black Kites, a few Hooded Vultures and a single Lanner which attacked a passing eagle. This was in large conifers along a suburban road behind the stadium, not far from the Mission.

30th  July    Gishwati Forest  *  Lake Kivu * Gisenyi

After watching Mackinnon’s Shrike hunting in the Mission grounds at dawn, drove towards Gisenyi until the road passed a mature plantation on the left, bordering the northern edge of Gishwati Forest. Took a track through the plantation, opposite a village, to an open area and then parked. Several hours birding along tracks in the forest produced Red-chested Cuckoo, Little Bee-eater, Crowned Hornbill, Little Spotted Woodpecker, Montane Oriole, Placid Greenbul, White-starred Forest-Robin, Cinnamon Bracken  & Mountain Yellow Warblers, Ruwenzori Batis, Regal Sunbird, Red-faced Crimson-wing & several L‘ Hoest‘s Monkeys.

Continued to Gisenyi, booked into Presbyterian Centre d‘ Acceuil, where we paid 600 RWF for a room, visited lively market and Lake Kivu shore. After lunch at the Mission drove back 10 km and then took dirt road through tea plantations towards Kibuye. This was very bumpy and slow but after 20 km reached Gishwati Forest (West). Good birding along the road – no visible tracks into the forest: Black-billed Turaco, Klaas’s Cuckoo, White-headed Wood-Hoopoe, Black-collared Barbet, Olive Woodpecker, White-browed Crombec, Northern Puffback, Slender-billed Starling, Purple-breasted & Blue-headed Sunbirds, Strange Weaver.

31st    July        Gishwati Forest  *  Kigali

Returned to the northern forest at dawn. The scrub and trees beyond the open area (or shooting range, as we later discovered ) was very rewarding: Cassin’s Hawk Eagle, Western Green Tinkerbird, Yellow–crested Woodpecker, Equatorial  Akalat,  African Thrush, Chestnut-throated & Masked Apalises, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Banded Prinia, Doherty’s Bush Shrike, Brown-headed Tchagra, Pink-footed Puffback, Red-headed Bluebill. A flock of starlings were probably Stuhlmann’s.

Birding came to a premature end with the presence of an army officer who had seen our car and insisted on our immediate departure - we did not argue! A small lake on the left by the Ruhengeri road held Pink-backed Pelican and Sacred Ibis. Paused at Ruhengeri to check the vultures - all Hooded - then proceeded to Kigali. Ran out of petrol en route due to faulty gauge, necessitating a long hitch to a petrol station, returning with an American missionary who painted a gloomy picture of the population expanding too rapidly for the country to cope. A puncture finally put paid to any more birding, so checked in at Eglise Episcopale, 32 Av Paul VI (600 RWF b & b), 2 km out of town. Swapped vehicle and ate chips at Bambou restaurant down the road.

1st     August               Akagera National Park

Drove to Kayonza and then on a good dirt road to Hotel Akagera, a few km inside the National Park. Lots of field and scrub birds along the road, including Little Sparrowhawk, Bare-faced Go-away Bird, White-browed Coucal, Capped Wheatear, Trilling Cisticola, Brubru, White Helmet Shrike, Violet-backed & Wattled Starlings, Variable Sunbird, Pin-tailed Whydah.

After checking into a sparsely occupied but very pleasant hotel (5550 RWF a double), drove slowly down escarpment to Lac Ihema: Bateleur, African Penduline-Tit, Red-faced Crombec, Southern Black Flycatcher, Black-headed Gonolek,  Slate-coloured Boubou, Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike, Grey-backed Fiscal.

Afternoon along the lake shore and in scrub and remnant woodland: Long-tailed Cormorant, Darter, African Marsh Harrier, Fish Eagle, Red-necked Spurfowl, Crowned Lapwing, Tambourine Dove, Woodland, Malachite & Pied Kingfishers, Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Cardinal & Golden-tailed Woodpeckers, Spectacled Weaver and several noisy Hippos. Other animals seen today included Zebra, Warthog, Baboon, Vervet Monkey, Oribi and Topi.

Ate fried fish (from the lake) and bananas - tasty but ages in preparation. Returned to hotel in time to look for nightjars, hearing Gabon and eventually locating the incredible Pennant-winged which hawked mainly over the small nursery north of the car park. A male also performed over the floodlit grass near the pool. An owl calling in the bush was found with difficulty but, disappointingly, was only a Scops.

2nd    August     Akagera   *   Kigali

Early morning in hotel gardens and surrounding scrub: Red-winged Francolin, Brown-necked Parrot, Green Wood-Hoopoe, Scimitarbill, Black-throated Honeyguide, Plain-backed Pipit, Copper, Mariqua  & Scarlet-chested Sunbirds, Red-headed Weaver, Paradise Whydah. Down to the lake and then north, passing 3 Violet-tipped Coursers on a burnt area. Took a short track down to south end of Lac Birengero, where there was an extensive papyrus bed and a number of very large trees. Spent a profitable few hours there: African Hawk Eagle, Wattled Plover, Eastern Grey Plantain-eater, Green Pigeon, Palm Swift, Narina’s Trogon, Levaillant Barbet, Bearded  Woodpecker, Mosque Swallow, Arnott’s Chat, Black Cuckoo-Shrike, Souza’s Shrike, Dusky Crimson-wing, Red-billed Firefinch, Cabanis’s & Golden-breasted Buntings. A long scan of the papyrus only produced Goliath Heron, not the much-wanted Shoebill, but a family of Marsh Mongoose was some compensation.

Drove north to Lac Hago, invisible behind the papyrus where Marsh Tchagra and Blue-headed Coucal were seen briefly. Birds en route included Open-billed Stork, Spur-winged Goose, Jacana, Water Thicknee and Temminck’s Courser. Turned west just north of Hago, the start of a long drive on rough tracks to the park exit at Nyamiyaga  - a route not to be recommended, with termite mounds a particular hazard. Would have liked longer in the park, although Tsetse flies, which bit one of us many times, were a nuisance. Returned to Kigali for another night at the mission, and surrendered the Suzuki (which had proved ideal).

3rd    August     Departure

Free transport to Kigali airport on Hotel des Milles Collines’ bus, arranged through Gregoire. Left for Nairobi on over-booked Kenya Airways flight, a little late, stopping at Bujumbara in Burundi en route.

Species list

17 July - 2 Aug 1990

Kinigi

 Gishwati

Akagera

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo                                       X                     

Reed Cormorant Phalacrocorax africanus                                                         X

African Darter Anhinga rufa                                                    X

Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens                                5                     

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis                        X                        X                        X

Little Egret Egretta garzetta                                                           2

Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala                        X                        X                        X

Goliath Heron Ardea goliath                                                   1

Hamerkop Scopus umbretta                        X                        X                        X

Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis                        X                        X                        X

African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus                                                    20

Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus                                                  X

Hadada Ibis Bostrychia hagedash                        X                        X                        X

Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus                        X                        X                        X

Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca                                                      X

Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis                                                      12

Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata                                                          X

Black Kite Milvus migrans                        X                        X                        X

African Fish Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer                                                             X

Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus                        8                                              2

White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus                                                         2

Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus                                                       X

African Marsh Harrier Circus ranivorus                                                         2

Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus                                                          1

Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris                        1                                             

Black Sparrowhawk Accipiter melanoleucus                        1                                             

Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus                        2                                             

Augur Buzzard Buteo augur                        X                        X                        X

Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax                        1                                             

Wahlberg's Eagle Aquila wahlbergi                        1                                             

African Hawk Eagle Hieraaetus spilogaster                                                      1

Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis                        X                        X                        X

Cassin's Hawk Eagle Spizaetus africanus                                 1                     

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus                             2                     

Grey Kestrel Falco ardosiaceus                        seen while traveling                                 

Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus                        2                        2                     

Common Quail Coturnix coturnix                        2H                                          

Coqui Francolin Francolinus coqui                                                               X

Red-winged Francolin Francolinus levaillantii                                                         2

Scaly Francolin Francolinus squamatus                        X                                             

Hildebrandt's Francolin Francolinus hildebrandti                                                     X

Red-necked Spurfowl Francolinus afer                                                                  X

Black Crake Amaurornis flavirostra                                                        X

Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni                                                               

Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum                        2                        2                        2

African Jacana Actophilornis africanus                                                         X

Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus                                                   2

Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii                                                      3

Bronze-winged Courser Rhinoptilus chalcopterus                                                   3

African Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus                                                      4

Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus                                                         X

Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus                                                        2

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola                                                                        2

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos                                                     X

African Green Pigeon Treron calvus                                                             4

Tambourine Dove Turtur tympanistria                                                    1

RB Blue-spotted Wood Dove Turtur afer                                                                 

RB Emerald-spotted Wood Dove Turtur chalcospilos                                                    X

African Olive Pigeon Columba arquatrix                        X                        X                     

Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea                        X                                             

Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata                                                   X

Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola                                                          X

Dusky Turtle Dove Streptopelia lugens                        X                                             

Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis                        X                        X                        X

Brown-necked Parrot Poicephalus robustus                                                          10

Black-billed Turaco Tauraco schuetti                                   1                     

Bare-faced Go-away Bird Corythaixoides personatus                                                      X

Eastern Grey Plantain-eater Crinifer zonurus                                                           2

Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius                                 1+2H              

Klaas's Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas                                       3                        4

White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus                                                  X

Blue-headed Coucal Centropus monachus                                                       2

African Scops Owl Otus senegalensis                                                  1

Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii                                                               2H

Pennant-winged Nightjar Macrodipteryx vexillarius                                                        5+

Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus                        X                                             

African Palm Swift Cypsiurus parvus                                                             X

White-rumped Swift Apus caffer                                                               X

Little Swift Apus affinis                        X                        X                        X

Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus                                                      X

Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus                        X                        X                        X

Narina's Trogon Apaloderma narina                                                              2

Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis                                                  X

Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata                                                                        1

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis                                                    X

Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus                                    X                        X

Lilac-breasted Roller Coracias caudatus                                                         X

White-headed Wood-hoopoe Phoeniculus bollei                                        2                     

Green Wood-hoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus                                                       10

Common Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus cyanomelas                                                 2

Hoopoe Upupa epops                                                              2

Crowned Hornbill Tockus alboterminatus                                                X                        X

African Grey Hornbill Tockus nasutus                                                           X

Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaeus                             1                     

Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus bilineatus                                 X                        X

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus chrysoconus                                                   2

Spot-flanked Barbet Tricholaema lacrymosa                                                       2

Black-collared Barbet Lybius torquatus                                 2                     

Crested Barbet Trachyphonus vaillantii                                                           1

Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator                                                          1

Golden-tailed Woodpecker Campethera abingoni                                                          2

Green-backed Woodpecker Campethera cailliautii                                  4                     

Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens                                                     X

Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus                                                       1

Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus  ?                         2                     

 

Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus                                              1                     

Rufous-naped Lark Mirafra africana                                                           X

Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea                                                                    X

Black Saw-wing Psalidoprocne pristoptera                        X                        X                        X

Mosque Swallow Cecropis senegalensis                                                  4

Lesser Striped Swallow Cecropis abyssinica                                                       X

Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne fuligula                        X                                              X

Angola Swallow Hirundo angolensis                                                      2

Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis                                                         2

African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp                        X                        X                        X

African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus                        X                        X                        X

Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys                                                      2

Yellow-throated Longclaw Macronyx croceus                                                           X

Black Cuckoo-Shrike Campephaga flava                                                                2

Grey Cuckoo-Shrike Coracina caesia                                     1                     

Slender-billed Greenbul Andropadus gracilirostris                        1                                             

Yellow-throated Leaflove Chlorocichla flavicollis                                                         2

Cabanis's Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi                                  X                     

Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus                        X                        X                        X

White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata                                    X                     

Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis                           1                     

Brown-backed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas hartlaubi                        X                                              X

White-browed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys                        1                                             

Common Stonechat Saxicola torquatus                        X                        X                        X

Capped Wheatear Oenanthe pileata ?                                                            X

Familiar Chat Cercomela familiaris                                                         2

Sooty Chat Myrmecocichla nigra                        X                        X                        X

White-headed Black Chat Myrmecocichla arnotti                                                           2

Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus                        X                        X                        X

African Thrush Turdus pelios                          1                     

Cinnamon Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus                        X                     

Mountain Yellow Warbler Chloropeta similis                        X                        X                     

Green-capped Eremomela Eremomela scotops                                                           X

Red-faced Crombec Sylvietta whytii                                                 2

White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys                              1                     

Brown Woodland Warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens                        1                                             

Red-faced Woodland Warbler Phylloscopus laetus                                      2                     

Trilling Cisticola Cisticola woosnami                                                       X

Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi                        X                        X                     

Winding Cisticola Cisticola galactotes                        2                                             

Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis                                                       X

Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda                                                  X

Tawny-flanked Prinia Prinia subflava                                                          X

Banded Prinia Prinia bairdii                            1                     

Ruwenzori Apalis Apalis ruwenzorii                        1                                             

Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida                                                              X

Mountain Masked Apalis Apalis personata                                2                     

Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema                                              2                     

Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota                               X                     

Southern Black Flycatcher Melaenornis pammelaina                            1

Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus                        X                        X                        X

Sooty/ Dusky-blue Flycatcher?                                                1                     

Swamp Flycatcher Muscicapa aquatica                        2                                              2

African Dusky Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta                        X                        X                        X

White-bellied Crested Flycatcher Elminia albiventris                        1                                             

White-tailed Crested Flycatcher Elminia albonotata                        2                                             

African Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis                        X                        X                        X

Rwenzori Batis Batis diops                                       X                     

Chinspot Batis Batis molitor                            2                        4

Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei                                                            X

Grey Penduline Tit Anthoscopus caroli                                                               2

Blue-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra alinae                                      1                     

Scarlet-chested Sunbird Chalcomitra senegalensis                                                  X

Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris                                                1                     

Bronzy Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis                        X                        X                        X

Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni                        X                                             

Ruwenzori Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris stuhlmanni                        X                                             

Northern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris reichenowi                        X                     

Regal Sunbird Cinnyris regius                                      X                     

Mariqua Sunbird Cinnyris mariquensis                                                    X

Variable Sunbird Cinnyris venustus                                                         X

Copper Sunbird Cinnyris cupreus                                                           1

African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis                        2                        X                     

Common Fiscal Lanius collaris                        X                        X                        X

Mackinnon's Shrike Lanius mackinnoni                        X                        X                        X

Grey-backed Fiscal Lanius excubitorius                                                    X

Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae                                                            1

Orange-breasted Bush-Shrike Telophorus sulfureopectus                                                2

Doherty's Bush-Shrike Telophorus dohertyi                                   1                     

Marsh Tchagra Tchagra minutus                                                           1

Brown-crowned Tchagra Tchagra australis                                  1                     

Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegalus                                                       X

Pink-footed Puffback Dryoscopus angolensis                              2                     

Black-backed Puffback Dryoscopus cubla                                                               2

Northern Puffback Dryoscopus gambensis                              2                     

Mountain Sooty Boubou Laniarius poensis                                   2                     

Slate-coloured Boubou Laniarius funebris                                                           1

Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus                        X                        X                        X

Black-headed Gonolek Laniarius erythrogaster                                                  2

Brubru Nilaus afer                                          X                        X

White Helmet-Shrike Prionops plumatus                                                         5

Mountain Oriole Oriolus percivali                                   X                     

Eastern Black-headed Oriole Oriolus larvatus                                                           X

Fork-tailed Drongo Dicrurus adsimilis                        X                        X                        X

Pied Crow Corvus albus                        X                        X                        X

White-necked Raven Corvus albicollis                        X                                             

Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris                           2                     

Greater Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus                             X

Rüppell's Starling Lamprotornis purpuroptera                                                   X

Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster                                                     10

Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea                                                            20

Northern Grey-headed Sparrow Passer griseus                        X                        X                        X

Red-headed Weaver Anaplectes rubriceps                                                         X

Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht                        X                                             

Spectacled Weaver Ploceus ocularis                                                           X

Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus                                    2                     

Holub's Golden Weaver Ploceus xanthops                        X                                              X

Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops                              

Lesser Masked Weaver Ploceus intermedius                                                     X

Black-headed Weaver Ploceus melanocephalus                        X                        X                     

Yellow Bishop Euplectes capensis                        1                                             

Fan-tailed Widowbird Euplectes axillaris                        2                                             

Grey-headed Negrofinch Nigrita canicapillus                                                     1

Dusky Crimsonwing Cryptopsiza jacksoni                                                           1

Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii                               1                     

Yellow-bellied Waxbill Estrilda quartinia                        X                                             

Fawn-breasted Waxbill Estrilda paludicola                                                        X

Black-crowned Waxbill Estrilda nonnula                                                           X

Black-headed Waxbill Estrilda atricapilla                        X                        X                     

Red-headed Bluebill Spermophaga ruficapilla                                 1                     

Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus bengalus                                                         X

Green-winged Pytilia Pytilia melba                                      1                        1

Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala                                                         2

Bronze Mannikin Lonchura cucullata                        X                        X                        X

Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura                                                        X

Broad-tailed Paradise Whydah  Vidua obtusa                                                              X

Western Citril Serinus frontalis                        X                        X                     

Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis                                                       X

Yellow-fronted Canary Serinus mozambicus                                                   X

Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus                        X                        X                     

Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus                        X                        X                     

Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni                        2                        2                     

Cape Canary Serinus canicollis                                 X                     

Cabanis's Bunting Emberiza cabanisi                                                          2

Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza flaviventris                                                       5

 

 

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